Sarah F Hamm-Alvarez

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The mechanochemical motor proteins of the kinesin and cytoplasmic dynein families play important roles in microtubule-based intracellular motility. Although movement and distribution of organelles like secretory granules, vesicles, endoplasmic reticulum, and chromosomes depend on the activity of these motor proteins, little is known about the regulation of(More)
Microtubule-based vesicle transport driven by kinesin and cytoplasmic dynein motor proteins facilitates several membrane-trafficking steps including elements of endocytosis and exocytosis in many different cell types. Most early studies on the role of microtubule-dependent vesicle transport in membrane trafficking focused either on neurons or on simple cell(More)
To investigate the regulation of microtubule-dependent vesicle motility, we have studied the effects of pharmacological agents on the frequency and velocity of small vesicle movements in intact CV-1 cells. Nocodazole, but not cytochalasin B or D, abolished vesicle movements, indicating that these movements were microtubule and not actin-dependent. The(More)
PURPOSE To directly visualize the live cellularity of the intact human trabecular meshwork (TM) and quantitatively analyze tissue viability in situ. METHODS Human donor corneoscleral rims were sectioned immediately before intravital dye incubation to label nuclei (Hoechst 33342 & propidium iodide [PI]); cytosol (CellTracker Red CMTPX, calcein AM); and(More)
PURPOSE Lacrimal glands (LGs) of male NOD mice, a model of Sjögren's syndrome (SjS), exhibit immune cell infiltration and lipid deposition. The mechanism of SjS was further investigated by characterizing gene expression profiles of NOD mouse LGs in comparison with those of healthy control mice. Differentially expressed genes were further investigated at the(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of the human trabecular meshwork (TM) by two-photon excited (TPEF) autofluorescence (AF) and optical sectioning without conventional histologic embedding and sectioning. METHODS Viable human ex vivo explants of the anterior chamber angle containing the aqueous humor drainage tissue in situ were(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers (RAECM) were used to investigate transalveolar epithelial quantum dot trafficking rates and underlying transport mechanisms. METHODS Trafficking rates of quantum dots (PEGylated CdSe/ZnS, core size 5.3 nm, hydrodynamic size 25 nm) in the apical-to-basolateral direction across RAECM(More)
To investigate the regulation of microtubule (MT)-based vesicle transport and the interphase MT array in hepatocytes, we have used okadaic acid (OKA) and microcystin (MCYST), two toxins that inhibit serine-threonine protein phosphatases (PP) 1 and 2A, to alter cellular phosphorylation. Video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy analysis(More)
This study uses YFP-tagged Rab27b expression in rabbit lacrimal gland acinar cells, which are polarized secretory epithelial cells, to characterize early stages of secretory vesicle trafficking. Here we demonstrate the utility of YFP-Rab27b to delineate new perspectives on the mechanisms of early vesicle biogenesis in lacrimal gland acinar cells, where(More)
We investigated the involvement of PKC-epsilon in apical actin remodeling in carbachol-stimulated exocytosis in reconstituted rabbit lacrimal acinar cells. Lacrimal acinar PKC-epsilon cosedimented with actin filaments in an actin filament binding assay. Stimulation of acini with carbachol (100 microM, 2-15 min) significantly (P < or = 0.05) increased(More)