Sarah Emily Kerr

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Somatic mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 genes are common in gliomas and help stratify patients with brain cancer into histologic and molecular subtypes. However, these mutations are considered rare in other solid tumors. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 mutations in cholangiocarcinoma(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe how people with HIV understand and experience the problem of adhering to antiretroviral medication regimens. DESIGN We performed a qualitative study based on interviews with HIV-infected patients, including 46 clients of AIDS service organizations, who were sampled according to age, ethnicity, and injection drug use history, and a(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma is a highly lethal cancer of the biliary tract. The intrahepatic subtype of cholangiocarcinoma is increasing in incidence globally. Despite technologic advancements over the past decade, little is known about the somatic changes that occur in these tumors. The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of common oncogenes in(More)
PURPOSE Accurate tumor classification is essential for cancer management as patient outcomes improve with use of site- and subtype-specific therapies. Current clinicopathologic evaluation is varied in approach, yet standardized diagnoses are critical for determining therapy. While gene expression-based cancer classifiers may potentially meet this need,(More)
OBJECTIVE We demonstrate the feasibility of detecting EC by combining minimally-invasive specimen collection techniques with sensitive molecular testing. METHODS Prior to hysterectomy for EC or benign indications, women collected vaginal pool samples with intravaginal tampons and underwent endometrial brushing. Specimens underwent pyrosequencing for DNA(More)
The tissue derivation of mucinous ovarian carcinoma remains a mystery; however, rare tumors are associated with mature teratoma. Two decades ago, studies of chromosomal heteromorphisms and DNA polymorphisms proved that ovarian teratomas arise during female gametogenesis. We sought to exploit the relationship between mucinous carcinoma and associated(More)
Tumor budding in colorectal carcinoma has been associated with poor outcome in multiple studies, but the absence of an established histologic cutoff for "high" tumor budding, heterogeneity in study populations, and varying methods for assessing tumor budding have hindered widespread incorporation of this parameter in clinical reports. We used an established(More)
Endometrial cancer is associated with numeric and structural chromosomal abnormalities, microsatellite instability (MSI), and alterations that activate oncogenes and inactivate tumor suppressor genes. The aim of this study was to characterize a set of endometrial cancers using multiple molecular genetic and immunohistochemical techniques. Ninety-six cases(More)
Since mid-1996, we have operated a diagnostic robotic telepathology (TP) system at the Iron Mountain, MI, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) from the Milwaukee, WI, VAMC, located some 220 miles away. No on-site pathologist is present in Iron Mountain. Instead, an experienced, well-trained pathologist assistant, under direction of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Less than 10% of registered drug intervention trials for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) include a biomarker stratification strategy. The ability to identify distinct mutation subsets via endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration (EUS FNA) molecular cytology could greatly aid clinical trial patient stratification and offer(More)