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1. The acute inhibitory effect of selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on 5-HT neuronal activity may offset their ability to increase synaptic 5-HT in the forebrain. 2. Here, we determined the effects of the SSRI, paroxetine, and a novel selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, WAY 100635, on 5-HT cell firing in the dorsal(More)
Previous electrophysiological studies have shown that spontaneously active mesencephalic 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurons of anaesthetized or freely moving animals fire solitary spikes in a slow, regular pattern. In the present study, using extracellular single unit recordings from dorsal and median raphe neurons of the anaesthetized rat, an additional(More)
The ventral part of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays an important role in mood and cognition. This study examined the effect of the 5-HT in this region by measuring the electrophysiological response of ventral mPFC neurones to electrical stimulation of the dorsal and median raphe nuclei (DRN and MRN), which are the source of the 5-HT input. DRN or(More)
Both glucocorticoids and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) alter aspects of 5-HT function including somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptor sensitivity. Many depressed patients prescribed SSRIs have pre-existing flattened diurnal gluococorticoid rhythm. In these patients, interactions between flattened glucocorticoid rhythm and chronic SSRIs,(More)
We have previously described a population of 5-hydroxytryptamine neurons which repetitively fires bursts of usually two (but occasionally three or four) action potentials, with a short (<20 ms) interspike interval within a regular low-frequency firing pattern. Here we used a paradigm of electrical stimulation comprising twin pulses (with 7- or 10-ms(More)
1. Selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) cause a greater increase in extracellular 5-HT in the forebrain when the somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptor is blocked. Here, we investigated whether blockade of the terminal 5-HT1B autoreceptor influences a selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitor in the same way, and whether there is(More)
Acute systemic injection of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) decreases 5-HT neuronal firing in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN). Recent data, however, question whether these drugs also inhibit the firing of 5-HT neurones in the median raphe nucleus (MRN). Using in vivo extracellular electrophysiological recording techniques in the chloral(More)
Evidence from electrophysiological studies suggests that 5-HT neuronal firing in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) may be regulated by both GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors. Here, we addressed the question of whether the activity of individual 5-HT neurons is regulated by both GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors. In addition, we examined the concentration-response(More)
5-HT(1A)-mediated autoinhibition of neurones in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is considered to be the principal inhibitory regulator of 5-HT neuronal activity. The activation of this receptor by endogenous 5-HT was investigated using electrophysiological recordings from the rat DRN in vitro. At a concentration which blocked the inhibitory effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant drugs have a delayed onset and commonly produce an incomplete therapeutic response. The therapeutic actions of SSRIs are thought to depend on increased forebrain extracellular serotonin (5-HT), after desensitization of somatodendritic 5-HT(1A) autoreceptors. Here we determined whether(More)