Sarah Elizabeth Gartside

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1. The acute inhibitory effect of selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on 5-HT neuronal activity may offset their ability to increase synaptic 5-HT in the forebrain. 2. Here, we determined the effects of the SSRI, paroxetine, and a novel selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, WAY 100635, on 5-HT cell firing in the dorsal(More)
The ventral part of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays an important role in mood and cognition. This study examined the effect of the 5-HT in this region by measuring the electrophysiological response of ventral mPFC neurones to electrical stimulation of the dorsal and median raphe nuclei (DRN and MRN), which are the source of the 5-HT input. DRN or(More)
Previous electrophysiological studies have shown that spontaneously active mesencephalic 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurons of anaesthetized or freely moving animals fire solitary spikes in a slow, regular pattern. In the present study, using extracellular single unit recordings from dorsal and median raphe neurons of the anaesthetized rat, an additional(More)
Both glucocorticoids and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) alter aspects of 5-HT function including somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptor sensitivity. Many depressed patients prescribed SSRIs have pre-existing flattened diurnal gluococorticoid rhythm. In these patients, interactions between flattened glucocorticoid rhythm and chronic SSRIs,(More)
Acute systemic injection of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) decreases 5-HT neuronal firing in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN). Recent data, however, question whether these drugs also inhibit the firing of 5-HT neurones in the median raphe nucleus (MRN). Using in vivo extracellular electrophysiological recording techniques in the chloral(More)
Evidence from electrophysiological studies suggests that 5-HT neuronal firing in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) may be regulated by both GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors. Here, we addressed the question of whether the activity of individual 5-HT neurons is regulated by both GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors. In addition, we examined the concentration-response(More)
5-HT(1A)-mediated autoinhibition of neurones in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is considered to be the principal inhibitory regulator of 5-HT neuronal activity. The activation of this receptor by endogenous 5-HT was investigated using electrophysiological recordings from the rat DRN in vitro. At a concentration which blocked the inhibitory effect of(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is involved in the regulation of feeding and digestion in many animals from worms to mammals. In insects, 5-HT functions both as a neurotransmitter and as a systemic hormone. Here we tested its role as a neurotransmitter in feeding and crop contractions and its role as a systemic hormone that affected feeding in adult(More)
Early life adversity is associated with an increased incidence of psychiatric illness in adulthood. Although the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear, one possible substrate is brain 5-hydroxytryptamine neurotransmission, which is reportedly abnormal in several psychiatric disorders. This study examined the effect of a rat model of early life(More)
In experimental animals, administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy) leads to extensive, but incomplete, loss of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) innervation in the brain. Here, we report the effects of MDMA on 5-HT neuronal function measured in the rat in vivo using electrophysiological and microdialysis techniques. Two weeks after(More)