Sarah E. Rowe

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Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates are capable of producing at least two distinct types of biofilm mediated by the fibronectin-binding proteins (FnBPs) or the icaADBC-encoded polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA). Deletion of the major autolysin gene atl reduced primary attachment rates and impaired FnBP-dependent biofilm production on hydrophilic(More)
UNLABELLED Persisters are dormant variants that form a subpopulation of drug-tolerant cells largely responsible for the recalcitrance of chronic infections. However, our understanding of the genetic basis of antibiotic tolerance remains incomplete. In this study, we applied transposon sequencing (Tn-Seq) to systematically investigate the mechanism of(More)
Persisters are dormant phenotypic variants of bacterial cells that are tolerant to killing by antibiotics1. Persisters are associated with chronic infections and antibiotic treatment failure1–3. In Escherichia coli, toxin–antitoxin modules have been linked to persister formation4–6. The mechanism of persister formation in Gram-positive bacteria is unknown.(More)
Persisters are dormant variants that form a subpopulation of cells tolerant to antibiotics. Persisters are largely responsible for the recalcitrance of chronic infections to therapy. In Escherichia coli, one widely accepted model of persister formation holds that stochastic accumulation of ppGpp causes activation of the Lon protease that degrades(More)
Biofilm production by staphylococci is an important virulence determinant mediated by the icaADBC-encoded polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) or by surface and extracellular proteins. Deletion of the Staphylococcus accessory regulator sarX significantly reduced biofilm-forming capacity in Staphylococcus epidermidis CSF41498, whereas multicopy sarX(More)
We previously reported the identification of a gene, rbf, involved in the regulation of biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus 8325-4. In an effort to study the mechanism of regulation, microarrays were used to compare the transcription profiles of the wild-type strain with an rbf mutant and an rbf overexpression strain of the clinical isolate UAMS-1.(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus infections in Alabama (USA) beef bulls through prospective and retrospective surveys. The prospective survey included 240 Alabama beef bulls that were sampled between January 2005 and March 2006. Preputial smegma was collected from the 240 bulls with a dry pipette and(More)
The relationships of circulating estradiol, estrone, and progesterone levels to plasma lipid levels and ovulatory frequency were studies in sexually mature hens. New Hampshire X Columbian (NH X C) cross-bred hens, which have a relatively low frequency of ovulation, were compared with pure-bred White Leghorn (WLH) hens with a high frequency of ovulation. A(More)
The remarkable tolerance of bacterial biofilms to antimicrobial drugs underpins their role in chronic and recurring infections. Staphylococcus aureus biofilms are embedded in an extracellular matrix composed of self-produced extracellular polysaccharides, DNA, and proteins or host-derived matrices such as fibrin, prompting speculation that limited drug(More)