Learn More
The authors explored gender differences in the prevalence of depression in four chronic pain conditions and pain severity indices in a national database. In 131,535 adults, the prevalence of depression in women (9.1%) was almost twice that of men (5%). One-third (32.8%) had a chronic pain condition (fibromyalgia, arthritis/rheumatism, back problems, and(More)
BACKGROUND Falls and chronic disease are both important health issues in older adults. The objectives of this study were to quantify the prevalence of falls and multi-morbidity (≥2 chronic conditions) in Canadian older adults; examine associations between falls and number of chronic conditions; and explore whether certain patterns of chronic disease were(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical samples have identified a number of psychosocial risk factors for suicidal acts but it is unclear if these findings relate to the general population. AIMS To describe the prevalence of and psychosocial risk factors for suicidal acts in a general adult population. METHOD Data were obtained from a Canadian epidemiological survey of(More)
UNLABELLED As fracture risk assessment is a basis for treatment decisions, accurate risk assessments on bone mineral density (BMD) reports are important. Over 50 % of sampled BMD reports for Ontarians with fracture histories underestimated fracture risk by a single category. Risk assessments in Ontario may not accurately inform treatment recommendations. (More)
BACKGROUND Current evidence has suggested the need for increased self-management support efforts in spinal cord injury (SCI) to reduce secondary complications. However, current self-management programs may not be suitable for the unique needs of individuals with SCI, including reduced mobility and the importance of attendant care. There is a need for(More)
BACKGROUND After a spinal cord injury, quality of life, as well as the determinants of quality of life, has been widely assessed. However, to date, there have been no systematic reviews on the impact of quality improvement strategies, including self-management strategies, on the quality of life and well-being of individuals with a spinal cord injury. The(More)
The purpose of our study was to determine who is portrayed in psychotropic drug advertisements across time in three national psychiatric journals. All psychotropic drug advertisements portraying people were collected from the American Journal of Psychiatry, the British Journal of Psychiatry, and the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry at three time intervals(More)
UNLABELLED Fracture risk assessments on bone mineral density reports guide family physicians' treatment decisions but are subject to inaccuracy. Qualitative analysis of interviews with 22 family physicians illustrates their pervasive questioning of reported assessment accuracy and independent assumption of responsibility for assessment. Assumption of(More)
OBJECTIVE Social phobia is associated with long-term impairment and disability. Environmental and genetic influences may be important in etiology and persistence. This is the first study to examine the association of work characteristics with social phobia in a representative nationally employed population. METHOD Self-reported work characteristics were(More)
Introduction. Evidence of inappropriate bone mineral density (BMD) testing has been identified in terms of overtesting in low risk women and undertesting among patients at high risk. In light of these phenomena, the objective of this study was to understand the referral patterns for BMD testing among Ontario's family physicians (FPs). Methods. A qualitative(More)