Learn More
OBJECTIVES We assessed the effects of a school-based obesity prevention intervention that included dietary, curricula, and physical activity components on body mass index (BMI) percentiles and academic performance among low-income elementary school children. METHODS The study had a quasi-experimental design (4 intervention schools and 1 control school;(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to test the hypothesis that partial hearing conservation is attainable after cochlear implantation with a long perimodiolar electrode. Surgical strategies for hearing conservation during cochlear implantation are described. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, single-subject, repeated-measures design. SETTING Academic tertiary(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have examined the practices of injecting drugs or smoking crack cocaine as high-risk, but independent, factors for HIV transmission. To explore the independent and dual risks of injection practices and crack smoking, this study examined HIV seroprevalence rates among distinct drug user groups, based on patterns of daily(More)
BACKGROUND Bariatric surgery is 1 of the few effective treatments of morbid obesity. However, the weight loss and other health-related outcomes for this procedure in large, diverse adolescent patient populations have not been well characterized. Our objective was to analyze the prospective Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database (BOLD) to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome risk factors (MSRF) and examine the relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of >or=3 MSRF in 8- to 11- and 12- to 14-year-old age groups. STUDY DESIGN Combined 1999 to 2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed (N = 1698). Prevalence of normal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of a child care center-based parent and teacher healthy lifestyle role-modeling program on child nutrition and physical activity outcomes. METHODS Child care centers (N = 28) serving low-income families were randomized to intervention or control arms. Intervention centers (N = 12) implemented (1) menu modifications,(More)
INTRODUCTION Successfully addressing childhood onset obesity requires multilevel (individual, community, and governmental), multi-agency collaboration. METHODS The Healthier Options for Public Schoolchildren (HOPS)/OrganWise Guys (OWG) quasi-experimental controlled pilot study (four intervention schools, one control school, total N=3,769; 50.2% Hispanic)(More)
In order to estimate the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection in hard-to-reach intravenous drug users, 199 subjects from high-risk inner-city locales, the so called "shooting galleries", were consented, interviewed, and tested in Miami, FL, US. Positive HIV-1 status was based on repeatedly(More)
Childhood obesity and related health consequences continue to be major clinical and public health issues in the United States. Schools provide an opportunity to implement obesity prevention strategies to large and diverse pediatric audiences. Healthier Options for Public Schoolchildren was a quasiexperimental elementary school-based obesity prevention(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and obesity are codependent epidemics that disproportionately affect ethnic minorities. Recent studies have shown that in non-Hispanic whites, bariatric surgical procedures successfully reverse or improve abnormal glucose metabolism, yet little is known about the results of bariatric surgery in Hispanic and other ethnic(More)