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Tocotrienols are the primary form of vitamin E in seeds of most monocot plants, including cereals such as rice and wheat. As potent antioxidants, tocotrienols contribute to the nutritive value of cereal grains in human and livestock diets. cDNAs encoding homogentisic acid geranylgeranyl transferase (HGGT), which catalyzes the committed step of tocotrienol(More)
Temperature-dependent sex-determination (TSD) is a phenomenon that has been characterized at the ecological, morphological, and endocrinological levels in some reptilian species. We have begun to investigate TSD at the level of molecular development by cloning, sequencing, and analyzing the expression of two genes, WT1 and Sox9, in the red-eared slider(More)
Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone density, and osteopenia is responsible for 1.5 million fractures in the United States annually. In order to identify regions of the genome which are likely to contain genes predisposing to osteopenia, we genotyped 149 members of seven large pedigrees having recurrence of low bone mineral density (BMD) with 330 DNA(More)
Eighteen low-copy and genomic microsatellite markers were tested for Mendelian inheritance and then assayed in 41 Pinus taeda L. samples drawn from five regions in the southern United States. The PCR products had multiple alleles, high levels of polymorphism, and little non-specific priming. Fifteen of the 18 markers were informative for a P. taeda(More)
Early environmental experiences profoundly influence adult phenotypes through complex mechanisms that are poorly understood. We previously showed that adult Caenorhabditis elegans that transiently passed through the stress-induced dauer larval stage (post-dauer adults) exhibit significant changes in gene expression profiles, chromatin states, and life(More)
Higher eukaryotic centromeres contain thousands of satellite repeats organized into tandem arrays. As species diverge, new satellite variants are homogenized within and between chromosomes, yet the processes by which particular sequences are dispersed are poorly understood. Here, we isolated and analyzed centromere satellites in plants separated from(More)
Mechanisms of attention are required to prioritise goal-relevant sensory events under conditions of stimulus competition. According to the perceptual load model of attention, the extent to which task-irrelevant inputs are processed is determined by the relative demands of discriminating the target: the more perceptually demanding the target task, the less(More)
The present study investigated effects of signaled reinforcer magnitude in a delayed identity matching-to-sample procedure. Four individuals with intellectual disabilities were trained on conditional discrimination with three geometric stimuli as sample and comparison stimuli. Retention intervals ranged from 0.1 to 16s. The magnitude of the reinforcer(More)
Divergent forms of the plant Delta(12)-oleic-acid desaturase (FAD2) have previously been shown to catalyze the formation of acetylenic bonds, epoxy groups, and conjugated Delta(11),Delta(13)-double bonds by modification of an existing Delta(12)-double bond in C(18) fatty acids. Here, we report a class of FAD2-related enzymes that modifies a Delta(9)-double(More)
Vegetable oils that contain fatty acids with conjugated double bonds, such as tung oil, are valuable drying agents in paints, varnishes, and inks. Although several reaction mechanisms have been proposed, little is known of the biosynthetic origin of conjugated double bonds in plant fatty acids. An expressed sequence tag (EST) approach was undertaken to(More)