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Ocean acidification may have severe consequences for marine ecosystems; however, assessing its future impact is difficult because laboratory experiments and field observations are limited by their reduced ecologic complexity and sample period, respectively. In contrast, the geological record contains long-term evidence for a variety of global environmental(More)
The metastatic potential of tumor cells has been shown to be correlated with the expression of tri- and tetra-antennary beta1,6-N-acetylglucosamine (beta1,6-GlcNAc)-bearing N-glycans, which are recognized by Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinating lectin (L-PHA). The expression of beta1,6-GlcNAc-bearing N-glycans also has been used as a marker of tumor(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is capable of infecting nondividing cells such as macrophages because the viral preintegration complex is able to actively traverse the limiting nuclear pore due to the redundant and possibly overlapping nuclear import signals present in Vpr, matrix, and integrase. We have previously recognized the presence of at(More)
UNLABELLED Chaperone-usher pathway (CUP) pili are extracellular organelles produced by Gram-negative bacteria that mediate bacterial pathogenesis. Small-molecule inhibitors of CUP pili, termed pilicides, were rationally designed and shown to inhibit type 1 or P piliation. Here, we show that pilicide ec240 decreased the levels of type 1, P, and S piliation.(More)
UNLABELLED Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is the primary cause of community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). UPEC bind the bladder using type 1 pili, encoded by the fim operon in nearly all E. coli. Assembled type 1 pili terminate in the FimH adhesin, which specifically binds to mannosylated glycoproteins on the bladder epithelium.(More)
Mammary specific expression of elevated levels of mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) contributes to mammary carcinogenesis. Mechanisms which regulate provirus expression have not been completely defined. Using a MMTV-long repeat terminal (MMTV-LRT) directed chloramphenicol-acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene system and a human breast cancer cell line T47D,(More)
(NCSER) supports a comprehensive research program to promote the highest quality and rigor in research on special education and related services, and to address the full range of issues facing children with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities, school personnel, and others. We strive to make our products available in a variety of formats and(More)
Executive Summary (see attached) Introduction In nursing homes, the movement away from institutional provider-driven models of care to more humane consumer-driven models of care that embrace flexibility and resident self-determination has come to be known as culture change. Culture change and resident-directed care 1 has its origin in the work of the(More)