Sarah E. Baird

Learn More
Methadone has become one of the most widely used drugs for opiate dependency treatment. This drug is extensively metabolized by the cytochrome P450 hepatic enzyme family in man, yielding an N-demethylated metabolite that cyclizes spontaneously into 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine. The specific forms of cytochrome P450 involved in this(More)
CYP2E1 is involved in the activation of various carcinogens, including N-nitrosamines, which are believed to be important in human carcinogenesis. Humans exhibit wide interindividual variability in levels of CYP2E1 mRNA and protein, which might explain interindividual differences in susceptibility to carcinogens activated by CYP2E1. Such variability could(More)
The (omega-1)-hydroxylation of lauric acid (11-OH-LA), a model substrate of fatty acids, was previously shown to be due to CYP2E1 in rat liver microsomes. The present study examined changes in hepatic CYP2E1 content and 11-OH-LA in a panel of 29 human liver microsomes. The 11-OH-LA activity was strongly correlated with the CYP2E1 content, quantitated by(More)
Cytochromes P450 (CYP) constitute a superfamily of enzymes involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics. Within the same subfamily, the isoforms present strong similarities, making them difficult to characterize and differentiate. Using heterologous expression in bacteria, five pure human CYP (1A1, 1A2, 2C9, 2E1, 3A4) were easily obtained and used as antigens(More)
Little is known of the swimming capacities of larval sturgeons, despite global population declines in many species due in part to fragmentation of their spawning and rearing habitats by man-made water-diversion structures. Larval green (Acipenser medirostris) and white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) inhabit the highly altered Sacramento-San Joaquin(More)
Autocrine stimulation by platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B)-like factors has been widely implicated as an important mechanism in the cause and/or maintenance of a variety of human tumors. However, normal human cells appear to be resistant to transformation by PDGF-B-like molecules, and a direct demonstration of the tumor-promoting or(More)
Understanding how the current warming trends affect fish populations is crucial for effective conservation and management. To help define suitable thermal habitat for juvenile Chinook salmon, the thermal performance of juvenile Chinook salmon acclimated to either 15 or 19°C was tested across a range of environmentally relevant acute temperature changes(More)
An IgM human monoclonal antibody (HuMAb) SK1 was generated from mesenteric nodal lymphocytes of a colon cancer patient that were fused with a human B-lymphoblastoid cell line SHFP-1. The reactivities of HuMAb SK1 to various human cell lines were screened by cell enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and immunocytochemical staining. The HuMAb SK1 reacted(More)
While programmed death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors have activity in a proportion of patients with advanced bladder cancer, strongly predictive and prognostic biomarkers are still lacking. In this study, we evaluated PD-L1 protein expression on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) isolated from patients with muscle invasive(More)
  • 1