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BACKGROUND Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major barrier to successful allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). The chemokine receptor CCR5 appears to play a role in alloreactivity. We tested whether CCR5 blockade would be safe and limit GVHD in humans. METHODS We tested the in vitro effect of the CCR5 antagonist maraviroc on(More)
Sugars such as trehalose, sucrose, and glucose are effectively used by a variety of animals (e.g., brine shrimp, tardigrades, some frogs, and insects), as well as by bacteria, yeasts, and plant seeds to survive freezing and extreme drying. The objective of this study was to examine the potential application of sugars to mammalian oocyte cryopreservation. To(More)
BACKGROUND Pelvic adhesions are found in up to 50% of women with CPP during investigative surgeries and adhesiolysis is often performed as part of their management although the causal or casual association of adhesions, and the clinical benefit of adhesiolysis in the context of CPP is still unclear. Our aim was to test the hypothesis of whether laparoscopic(More)
Central to the current treatment of dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the concept of congruent reduction of the hip. If the femoral head is aspherical in DDH, this concept needs reconsideration. MRI scans are used to examine the femoral head in children. Diameters of 14 DDH and 12 normal hips were measured in three planes by eight observers on two occasions.(More)
1. The snail Helix aspersa was fed one 24 hr meal containing Al, Fe or both together in barley flour pellets. Accumulation and distribution within the digestive gland, kidney, crop and remaining soft tissues were examined over the subsequent 30 days using atomic absorption spectroscopy (A.A.S.). 2. The digestive gland contained significantly (P < 0.05)(More)
Invasive alien species (IAS) are considered an important threat to global biodiversity due to major ecological impacts. In 2014, the European Union (EU) introduced a regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of IAS. The first risk prioritized list of IAS of EU concern was adopted on the 3 of August 2016. EU(More)
Kangaroo mother care is a safe, simple method to care for low birth weight infants. This article looks at its origins, what is involved in kangaroo mother care and reviews the evidence for improved outcomes resulting from its implementation.
INTRODUCTION Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is diagnosed when a woman has had three or more miscarriages. Increased levels of distress and anxiety are common during the waiting period of any subsequent pregnancies, posing a significant threat to psychological well-being. However, only limited support and therapy are available for these women, and many are left(More)