Sarah E. Allan

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Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) is currently thought to be the most specific marker for naturally occurring CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory cells (nTregs). In mice, expression of FoxP3 is strictly correlated with regulatory activity, whereas increasing evidence suggests that in humans, activated T effector cells (Teffs) may also express FOXP3. In order to better define(More)
Germline encoded pattern recognition receptors, such as TLRs, provide a critical link between the innate and adaptive immune systems. There is also evidence to suggest that pathogen-associated molecular patterns may have the capacity to modulate immune responses via direct effects on CD4+ T cells. Given the key role of both CD4+CD25+ T regulatory (Treg)(More)
An estimated 4.1 million barrels of oil and 2.1 million gallons of dispersants were released into the Gulf of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. There is a continued need for information about the impacts and long-term effects of the disaster on the Gulf of Mexico. The objectives of this study were to assess bioavailable polycyclic aromatic(More)
Little is known about the molecules that control the development and function of CD4+ CD25+ Tregs. Recently, it was shown that the transcription factor FOXP3 is necessary and sufficient for the generation of CD4+ CD25+ Tregs in mice. We investigated the capacity of FOXP3 to drive the generation of suppressive CD4+ CD25+ Tregs in humans. Surprisingly,(More)
Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) is considered a specific marker for CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells, but increasing evidence suggests that human CD4(+)CD25(-) effector T (Teff) cells can transiently express FOXP3 upon activation. We demonstrate that the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5)-signaling cytokines, IL-2, IL-15 and to a(More)
The autoimmune disease immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) is caused by mutations in the forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) gene. In the mouse model of FOXP3 deficiency, the lack of CD4+ CD25+ Tregs is responsible for lethal autoimmunity, indicating that FOXP3 is required for the differentiation of this Treg subset. We show(More)
Therapies based on enhancing the numbers and/or function of T regulatory cells (Tregs) represent one of the most promising approaches to restoring tolerance in many immune-mediated diseases. Several groups have investigated whether human Tregs suitable for cellular therapy can be obtained by in vitro expansion, in vitro conversion of conventional T cells(More)
Using a socio-ecological, structural determinants framework, this study assesses the impact of municipal licensing policies and related policing practices across the Greater Vancouver Area (Canada) on the risk of violence within indoor sex work venues. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 46 migrant/immigrant sex workers, managers and owners of(More)
immune tolerance and inflammation, regulatory T (TReg) cells and interleukin‐17 (IL‐17)‐producing CD4+ T helper cells (TH17 cells) are areas of intensive study. Two new reports in Nature have now identified the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) as an important ligand‐dependent regulator of these reciprocal T‐cell populations. AHR is a transcription factor(More)
SUMMARY T-regulatory cells (Tregs) have a fundamental role in the establishment and maintenance of peripheral tolerance. There is now compelling evidence that deficits in the numbers and/or function of different types of Tregs can lead to autoimmunity, allergy, and graft rejection, whereas an over-abundance of Tregs can inhibit anti-tumor and anti-pathogen(More)