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The grey matter (GM) segments from T1 structural magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain in subjects at high risk of schizophrenia (n=146) were compared with normal control subjects (n=36) and first episode schizophrenic subjects (n=34) using automated voxel-based morphometry (VBM). The subjects were recruited for the Edinburgh High Risk Study (EHRS)(More)
Several proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) studies in schizophrenia have found reduced N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) concentrations in pre-frontal and temporal regions of the brain. Reductions in NAA may reflect abnormalities of neuronal structure (e.g. reduced neuronal density or viability) or abnormalities of neuronal function. Diffusion tensor(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the gray matter segments from T1 structural MR images of the brain in first-episode schizophrenic subjects (n = 34) and normal control subjects (n = 36) using automated voxel-based morphometry (VBM). This study is novel in that few studies have examined subjects in their first episode of schizophrenia. The subjects were(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex in brain is a glutamate receptor subtype with several recognition sites including a glycine site that is able to modulate and activate allosterically the receptor. This receptor may be important in the regulation of developmental synaptic plasticity. The release of glutamate and consequent overstimulation of(More)
Attempts to determine the influence of testicular hormones on learning and memory in males have yielded contradictory results. The present studies examined whether testicular hormones are important for maximal levels of spatial memory in young adult male rats. To minimize any effect of stress, we used the Object Location Task which is a spatial working(More)
1. Homogenates of human infant and adult temporal cortex were used to measure [3H]-TCP and [3H]-MK-801 binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-coupled ion channel phencyclidine site. 2. Both [3H]-TCP and [3H]-MK-801 binding increased in infant cortex by > 100% between term and 26 weeks suggesting that the numbers of NMDA receptors increase during(More)
Methamphetamine (MA) is a potent, highly addictive psychostimulant abused by millions of people worldwide. MA induces neurotoxicity, damaging striatal dopaminergic terminals, and neuroinflammation, with striatal glial activation leading to pro-inflammatory cytokine and reactive oxygen species production. It is unclear whether MA-induced neuroinflammation(More)
BACKGROUND In preparation for the initial offering of the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), Interior-Aleutians Campus Rural Nutrition Services (RNS) program, a literature review was conducted to establish the need for the proposed program and to substantiate the methodology for delivering integrated, culturally tailored postsecondary education and(More)
Polyamines regulate cell division in developing brain. Neuronal membranes and the NMDA receptor have polyamine binding or functional sites. We have visualized [3H]spermidine binding in human cerebellum sections. Autoradiographs showed high specific [3H]spermidine binding in granule cell layer and low binding in molecular layer in neonate, infant and adult(More)
In vitro autoradiography and test-tube assay of the sodium-dependent binding of D-[3H]aspartate were used to localize and quantify the uptake site for the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters glutamate and aspartate in the cerebellar cortex of human cerebellar hemispheres. Autoradiograms revealed a pronounced heterogeneity in the distribution of(More)