Sarah Ducamp

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All reported mutations in ALAS2, which encodes the rate-regulating enzyme of erythroid heme biosynthesis, cause X-linked sideroblastic anemia. We describe eight families with ALAS2 deletions, either c.1706-1709 delAGTG (p.E569GfsX24) or c.1699-1700 delAT (p.M567EfsX2), resulting in frameshifts that lead to replacement or deletion of the 19-20 C-terminal(More)
Partial deficiency of the last enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway (namely ferrochelatase, FECH) in humans is responsible for erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP). This disorder is characterised by painful photosensitivity, due to excessive production of protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) by erythrocytes. Controversial hypotheses have been proposed to explain the(More)
X-linked Sideroblastic Anemia (XLSA) is the most common genetic form of sideroblastic anemia, a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by iron deposits in the mitochondria of erythroid precursors. XLSA is due to mutations in the erythroid-specific 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS2) gene. Thirteen different ALAS2 mutations were identified in 16 out(More)
Mutations in the uroporphyrinogen III synthase (UROS) gene cause congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP), an autosomal-recessive inborn error of erythroid heme biosynthesis. Clinical features of CEP include dermatologic and hematologic abnormalities of variable severity. The discovery of a new type of erythroid porphyria, X-linked dominant protoporphyria(More)
Regulation of 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS) is at the origin of balanced heme production in mammals. Mutations in the C-terminal region of human erythroid-specific ALAS (hALAS2) are associated with X-linked protoporphyria (XLPP), a disease characterized by extreme photosensitivity, with elevated blood concentrations of free protoporphyrin IX and zinc(More)
Frameshift mutations in the last coding exon of the 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS) 2 gene were described to activate the enzyme causing increased levels of zinc- and metal-free protoporphyrin in patients with X-linked dominant protoporphyria (XLDPP). Only two such so-called gain-of-function mutations have been reported since the description of XLDPP in(More)
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of heme biosynthesis that results from an accumulation of protoporphyrin IX in erythroid cells, plasma, skin and liver. EPP leads to acute photosensitivity and, in about 2% of patients, liver disease. EPP is a complex syndrome in which two genes are independently involved: FECH and ALAS2. More(More)
Mass spectrometry-based proteomics now enables the absolute quantification of thousands of proteins in individual cell types. We used this technology to analyze the dynamic proteome changes occurring during human erythropoiesis. We quantified the absolute expression of 6,130 proteins during erythroid differentiation from late burst-forming units-erythroid(More)
In 90% of people with erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), the disease results from the inheritance of a common hypomorphic FECH allele, encoding ferrochelatase, in trans to a private deleterious FECH mutation. The activity of the resulting FECH enzyme falls below the critical threshold of 35%, leading to the accumulation of free protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) in(More)