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cDNA and genomic clones encoding alpha 7, a novel neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha subunit, were isolated and sequenced. The mature alpha 7 protein (479 residues) has moderate homology with all other alpha and non-alpha nAChR subunits and probably assumes the same transmembrane topology. alpha 7 transcripts transiently accumulate in… (More)
In vertebrates, neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) assemble in an unknown stoichiometry from two homologous subunits, an alpha and a non-alpha. How large is the repertoire of these subunits and how many subtypes of functionally different nAChRs can they constitute? We found in the avian genome a cluster of three closely linked genes… (More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are members of a gene family of ligand-gated transmitter receptors that includes muscle nicotinic receptors, GABAA receptors and glycine receptors. Several lines of evidence indicate that neuronal nicotinic receptors can be made up of only two subunits, an alpha (alpha) subunit which binds ligand, and a non-alpha… (More)
A chicken genomic clone encoding a portion of the neuronal acetylcholine receptor (AChR) alpha 3 subunit was used to identify homologous mRNA in embryonic chick ciliary ganglia. In situ hybridization indicated that the mRNA was neuronal. Northern blot analysis revealed a major hybridizing species of 3.5 kb. Protection experiments confirmed that ganglionic… (More)
Four genes encode the related protein subunits that assemble to form the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) at the motor endplate of vertebrates. We have isolated from the chicken genome four additional members of the same gene family whose protein products, termed alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 4 and n alpha (non-alpha) probably define three distinct… (More)
Brain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are made up of protein subunits that differ from those constituting muscle nAChRs. To characterize the physiological properties of one class of avian brain nicotinic receptor, we injected the nuclei of Xenopus oocytes with full-length cDNAs for the ligand binding (alpha 4) and structural (n alpha) subunits.… (More)
The promoters driving transcription of the neuronal nicotinic genes alpha 7 and beta 3 have been characterized in the chicken. Although their regulatory modalities are thoroughly different, they nevertheless lead to co-expression in the same neurons.
The synthesis of some 3'-deoxy-3'-C-methylnucleoside analogues bearing naturally occuring nucleic acid bases was achieved from the preparation of a suitable peracylated 3-deoxy-3-C-methyl sugar using a stereoselective pathway. In addition, examples of chemical modifications at the 2' position are presented.
A novel long lifetime fluorescence reporter based on 9-aminoacridine was designed, the lifetime of which can be modulated in a defined manner when in proximity to a tryptophan residue enabling fluorescence lifetime based biochemical assays to be configured.
2',3'-Dideoxy-3'-C-methyl nucleosides bearing the five naturally occurring nucleic acid bases were synthesized. Additionally, the 3'-deoxy-3'-C-methyl nucleoside analogues bearing 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide as well as 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide moieties were prepared. The synthesis of the corresponding 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-C-methyl triazole derivative was… (More)