Sarah C.M. Brown

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Resident adherent peritoneal cells selectively released high amounts of interleukin-1 (IL-1) activity when treated with silica. The use of anti-IL-1 antisera showed that both IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta were present in supernatants of silica-treated macrophages. In contrast, intracellular IL-1 activity was totally neutralized by anti-IL-1 alpha antibodies and(More)
Peptide nucleic acids (PNA) incorporating nucleic acid bases into an achiral polyamide backbone bind to DNA in a sequence-dependent manner. The structure of a PNA-ribonucleic acid (RNA) complex was determined with nuclear magnetic resonance methods. A hexameric PNA formed a 1:1 complex with a complementary RNA that is an antiparallel, right-handed double(More)
Washed and purified rat- or mouse-liver mitochondria exhibiting high membrane integrity and metabolic activity were studied by flow cytometry. The electrophoretic accumulation/redistribution of cationic lipophilic probes, rhodamine 123, safranine O and a cyanine derivative, 3,3'-dihexyloxadicarbocyanine iodide, during the energization process was studied(More)
Paromomycin is an aminocyclitol aminoglycoside antibiotic used for the treatment of leishmaniasis. In view of the central role of mitochondria in cellular energetics and metabolism, its effect on in vivo mitochondrial activities of Leishmania donovani promastigotes-the parasite flagellate form-was investigated. The approach used flow cytometry, amperometric(More)
Paromomycin is used for the treatment of leishmaniasis in humans, but little is known about its mechanism of action. Investigating the effect of this antibiotic on promastigotes of Leishmania donovani, we showed that inhibition of the multiplication of these parasites could be related to its effect on RNA synthesis and to modifications of membranous polar(More)
Since the identification of dystrophin as the causitive factor in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, there has been substantial progress in understanding the functions and interactions of this protein. Dystrophin has been shown to interact with a group of peripheral- and trans-membrane proteins known as the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC) and(More)
Sinefungin is an antibiotic possessing a strong anti-leishmanial activity. Among the most important effects of this molecule on Leishmania donovani promastigotes are morphological modifications and a very rapid and effective inhibition of DNA synthesis. These cells contain a single DNA-rich mitochondrion whose division cycle is coordinated with the nuclear(More)
The nuclear DNA content of 28 taxa of Musa was assessed by flow cytometry, using line PxPC6 of Petunia hybrida as an internal standard. The 2C DNA value of Musa balbisiana (BB genome) was 1.16 pg, whereas Musa acuminata (AA genome) had an average 2C DNA value of 1.27 pg, with a difference of 11% between its subspecies. The two haploid (IC) genomes, A and B,(More)
Apoptosis has been investigated in NB4, a t(15;17) human promyelocytic leukemia cell line susceptible to maturation by all-trans or 9-cis retinoic acid, and in NB4-R1, a subclone resistant to differentiation. Maturation resistant NB4-R1 cells exhibited an onset of cell death after RA-treatment (72 h), whereas maturation responsive NB4 cells showed no such(More)
A routine assay based on the PCR was developed for the detection of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in fecal samples. Two oligonucleotide primer pairs from a conserved region in the small-subunit rRNA genes of E. bieneusi (primer pair V1 and EB450) and E. intestinalis (primer pair V1 and SI500) were used to amplify microsporidian(More)