Sarah C Calaghan

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1. Microtubules form part of the cytoskeleton. Their role in adult ventricular myocytes is not well understood although microtubule proliferation has previously been linked with reduced contractile function. 2. We investigated the effect of the anti-tumour drug taxol, a known microtubule polymerizing agent, on Ca2+ handling in adult rat ventricular(More)
Na(V)1.5 sodium channels enhance the invasiveness of breast cancer cells through the acidic-dependent activation of cysteine cathepsins. Here, we showed that the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger type 1 (NHE1) was an important regulator of H(+) efflux in breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 and that its activity was increased by Na(V)1.5. Na(V)1.5 and NHE1 were colocalized in(More)
The effects of short (1 min) and long (7-10 min) exposure to hyposmotic solution on excitation-contraction coupling in rat ventricular myocytes were studied. After short exposure, the action potential duration at 90% repolarization (APD(90)), the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) transient amplitude, and contraction increased, whereas the(More)
We present the first direct comparison of the major candidates proposed to underlie the slow phase of the force increase seen following myocardial stretch: (i) the Na(+)-H(+) exchanger (NHE) (ii) nitric oxide (NO) and the ryanodine receptor (RyR) and (iii) the stretch-activated channel (SAC) in both single myocytes and multicellular muscle preparations from(More)
OBJECTIVE Caveolae, flask shaped invaginations of the cell membrane, influence signalling cascades in many cell types. We have tested the hypothesis that caveolae modulate excitation-contraction coupling (ECC) and beta-adrenergic stimulation in the adult cardiac myocyte. METHODS Shortening, [Ca(2+)](i) and L-type Ca(2+) current (I(Ca,L)) were recorded in(More)
This review focuses on the complex interactions between two major regulators of cardiac function; Ca2+ and stretch. Initial consideration is given to the effect of stretch on myocardial contractility and details the rapid and slow increases in contractility. These are shown to be related to two diverse changes in Ca2+ handling (enhanced myofilament Ca2+(More)
β(1)-Adrenergic receptors (β(1)ARs) and E-type prostaglandin receptors (EPRs) both produce compartmentalized cAMP responses in cardiac myocytes. The role of cholesterol-dependent lipid rafts in producing these compartmentalized responses was investigated in adult rat ventricular myocytes. β(1)ARs were found in lipid raft and non-lipid raft containing(More)
In cardiac muscle, the sarcolemmal sodium/potassium ATPase is the principal quantitative means of active transport at the myocyte cell surface, and its activity is essential for maintaining the trans-sarcolemmal sodium gradient that drives ion exchange and transport processes that are critical for cardiac function. The 72-residue phosphoprotein(More)
 Concentration-dependent changes in cyclic AMP (cAMP), site-specific phosphorylation of phospholamban, the intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) transient and contraction were measured in isolated rat ventricular myocytes exposed to the β-adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline. Cyclic AMP was measured by [125I]-cAMP scintillation proximity assay, phosphorylation of(More)
The cardiac myocyte has an intracellular scaffold, the cytoskeleton, which has been implicated in several cardiac pathologies including hypertrophy and failure. In this review we describe the role that the cytoskeleton plays in modulating both the electrical activity (through ion channels and exchangers) and mechanical (or contractile) activity of the adult(More)