Sarah Brookes

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Oxidative stress is considered a major contributor in the pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS). Acrolein, a highly reactive aldehyde byproduct of lipid peroxidation, is thought to perpetuate oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of acrolein in an animal model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice. We have(More)
Conformity is thought to be an important force in human evolution because it has the potential to stabilize cultural homogeneity within groups and cultural diversity between groups. However, the effects of such conformity on cultural and biological evolution will depend much on the particular way in which individuals are influenced by the frequency of(More)
Past research has examined the effects of entertainment narratives on story-related behaviors, but most has focused primarily on dramatic genres rather than comedy. The present study examines how the presence or absence of pregnancy-related humor influences viewers' counterarguing, perceived severity, and intentions to engage in unprotected sexual behavior.(More)
Relatively high levels of antibody to human enteric coronavirus-like particles were detected in the sera from rural Aborigines in Australia. Levels were generally much lower in the sera from urban Aborigines, and extremely low to not detectable in the sera from Europeans. Antibody to coronavirus-like particles was also detected in the sera from rural blacks(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a severely debilitating neurodegenerative diseases marked by progressive demyelination and axonal degeneration in the CNS. Although inflammation is the major pathology of MS, the mechanism by which it occurs is not completely clear. The primary symptoms of MS are movement difficulties caused by conduction block resulting from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Muscle progenitor cells (MPCs) can be isolated from muscle samples and grown to a critical mass in culture. They have been shown to survive and integrate when implanted into rat laryngeal muscles. In this study, the ability of MPC implants to enhance adductor function of reinnervated thyroarytenoid muscles was tested in a canine model. STUDY(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) are an exciting potential cell source for tissue engineering because cells can be derived from the simple excision of autologous fat. This study introduces a novel approach for tissue-engineering cartilage from ASCs and a customized collagen oligomer solution, and demonstrates that the(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an unmet need for tissue-engineered three-dimensional (3D) muscle constructs for laryngeal reconstruction. Functional engineered muscle could be used to repair postoncologic or traumatic defects or to medialize the vocal fold in cases of paresis/paralysis. Autologous, organized, engineered muscle that has adequate bulk integrates into(More)
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