Sarah Blowers

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Blood samples were obtained from a population of refinery workers representing different age groups. Sixty six men with low average exposure to benzene and 33 male controls were investigated. An examination of cell cycle kinetics and sister chromatid exchange was carried out on control and exposed individuals. No significant differences were found between(More)
Antioxidants are thought to be important in protecting against damage from active oxygen species. The effects of the antioxidant nutrients vitamins C and E have been investigated after bleomycin treatment in the Salmonella typhimurium bacterial mutation assay, in the human peripheral lymphocyte chromosome aberration assay, and in the mouse micronucleus(More)
Gastric cancer is among the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. While heritable forms of gastric cancer are relatively rare, identifying the genes responsible for such cases can inform diagnosis and treatment for both hereditary and sporadic cases of gastric cancer. Mutations in the E-cadherin gene, CDH1, account for 40% of the most common(More)
Ames tests have been performed with imidazole and its principal metabolites, hydantoin and hydantoic acid. N-Acetyl-imidazole, a potential metabolite resulting from the action of intestinal bacteria, and histamine, a structurally related compound which is widely distributed in mammalian tissues, have also been tested. Imidazole and histamine were also(More)
The present study examines the feasibility of using the Salmonella typhimurium plate-incorporation assay of Ames for detecting target-organ specificity with N-nitroso-N-methylaniline (NMA), a compound for which the target site for tumour formation in the rat is the oesophagus. Thus it was anticipated that the oesophagus would bioactivate this compound. The(More)
N-(N-Acetyl-L-prolyl)-N-nitrosoglycine (APNG) and N-(N-acetylvalyl)-N-nitrosoglycine (AVNG) are shown to exert mutagenic activity in the Salmonella/mammalian microsome mutagenicity (Ames) test. Positive responses are apparent for base-pair substitution mutation-detecting strains (TA1535, TA100 and TA102) both with and without the addition of S9-mix. It is(More)
Concentrated term amniotic fluid samples from 44 women smokers and 44 controls were investigated with respect to mutagenic effect in the Salmonella/mammalian-microsome mutagenicity test, using tester strains TA98 and TA100. Tests with freeze-dried specimens of term amniotic fluid showed increases in the number of revertant colonies over background values,(More)
We ascertained two families in Eastern Canada segregating a form of ataxia consistent with a recessive mode of inheritance. We performed a whole genome scan using dense SNP genotyping, and despite an absence of shared homozygosity in the families we defined linkage to a small region on chromosome 13. Direct DNA resequencing was employed to screen(More)
1. Thirty migraine patients who had taken the leaves, tablets or capsules of feverfew daily for more than 11 consecutive months were compared to 30 feverfew non-user migraine patients who had been individually age- and sex-matched. 2. The frequency of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) were determined from lymphocyte cultures(More)
Amniotic fluid from smokers and non-smokers was tested by the Salmonella/mammalian microsome test. Concentrated amniotic fluid from heavy smokers at term showed an increase in the number of revertants with increasing exposure to tar. However, some of the non-smokers had a higher number of revertants than the smokers. No significant differences were found(More)