Sarah Bern

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Intravenous lipid emulsion is an established, effective treatment for local anesthetic-induced cardiovascular collapse. The predominant theory for its mechanism of action is that by creating an expanded, intravascular lipid phase, equilibria are established that drive the offending drug from target tissues into the newly formed 'lipid sink'. Based on this(More)
Local anesthetic toxicity is a rare, but potentially lethal, complication of regional anesthesia that cannot be prevented by any single measure. It is associated with CNS excitation and can lead to refractory cardiac dysfunction and collapse. The development of lipid emulsion for the treatment of anesthetic-induced toxicity resulted from a set of(More)
Survival of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells in vivo is supported by the tissue microenvironment, which includes components of the extracellular matrix. Interactions between tumor cells and the extracellular matrix are in part mediated by CD44, whose principal ligand is hyaluronic acid. Here, we show that CD44 is more highly expressed on CLL cells(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Lipid emulsion has emerged as an effective treatment of local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest, but its therapeutic application for the obstetric patient requires definition at present. This review discusses clinical reports, relevant laboratory studies, and future directions for the development of an optimal protocol for lipid(More)
BACKGROUND The authors tested whether cocaine depresses mitochondrial acylcarnitine exchange and if a drug that enhances glucose metabolism could protect against cocaine-induced cardiac dysfunction. METHODS Oxygen consumption with and without cocaine was compared in rat cardiac mitochondria using octanoylcarnitine (lipid) or pyruvate (nonlipid)(More)
The therapeutic and adverse effects of two ergot derivatives, bromocriptine and lergotrile, were compared in idiopathic parkinsonism. At both low (50 mg daily) and high (150 mg daily) dosage there was a similar but not identical profile of response. Initially, lergotrile tended to induce more severe but always transient hypotension. At higher doses,(More)
Studies on rats with unilateral nigral lesions suggest that a new ergoline, CF 25-397, is a dopaminergic agonist that might improve parkinsonism. CF 25-397 induces less stereotyped behavior than other dopaminergic agents in rats, and might therefore cause less dyskinesia than levodopa in man. We investigated the clinical actions of CF 25-397 in nine(More)
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