Sarah Berhane

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PURPOSE Most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have associated chronic liver disease, the severity of which is currently assessed by the Child-Pugh (C-P) grade. In this international collaboration, we identify objective measures of liver function/dysfunction that independently influence survival in patients with HCC and then combine these into a(More)
Proteasomes represent the major non-lysosomal mechanism responsible for the degradation of proteins. Following interferon γ treatment 3 proteasome subunits are replaced producing immunoproteasomes. Adenovirus E1A interacts with components of the 20S and 26S proteasome and can affect presentation of peptides. In light of these observations we investigated(More)
Background:The Japanese ‘BALAD’ model offers the first objective, biomarker-based, tool for assessment of prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma, but relies on dichotomisation of the constituent data, has not been externally validated, and cannot be applied to the individual patients.Methods:In this Japanese/UK collaboration, we replicated the original BALAD(More)
The breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 contains an unusually high density (41.5%) of Alu elements. The homology between these repetitive Alu sequences can promote ectopic or homotopic homologous recombination. Ectopic homologous recombination, such as that reported in the BRCA1 gene, leads to large genomic rearrangements, which subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Biliary tract cancer is a rare tumour entity characterized by a poor prognosis. We aimed to identify prognostic factors and create a prognostic score to estimate survival. METHODS Clinical data of the training set, consisting of 569 patients treated from 2000 to 2010 at Hannover Medical School, were analysed. A prognostic model defining(More)
Background:Transarterial chemo-embolisation (TACE) is recommended for patients with BCLC intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (stage B), particularly in patients with good underlying liver function and minimal symptoms. The hepatoma arterial embolisation prognostic (HAP) score combines measures of liver function and tumour-related factors to offer a(More)
The outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients significantly differs between western and eastern population centers. Our group previously developed and validated the Chinese University Prognostic Index (CUPI) for the prognostication of HCC among the Asian HCC patient population. In the current study, we aimed to validate the CUPI using an(More)
Purpose Following the Sorafenib Hepatocellular Carcinoma Assessment Randomized Protocol (SHARP) trial, sorafenib has become the standard of care for patients with advanced unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, but the relation between survival advantage and disease etiology remains unclear. To address this, we undertook an individual patient data(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS GALAD and BALAD-2 are statistical models for estimating the likelihood of the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in individual patients with chronic liver disease and the survival of patients with HCC, respectively. Both models use objective measures, particularly the serum markers α-fetoprotein (AFP), AFP-L3, and(More)