Sarah Bell

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Voltage-sensing domains (VSDs) confer voltage dependence on effector domains of membrane proteins. Ion channels use four VSDs to control a gate in the pore domain, but in the recently discovered phosphatase Ci-VSP, the number of subunits has been unknown. Using single-molecule microscopy to count subunits and voltage clamp fluorometry to detect structural(More)
In the voltage-sensing phosphatase Ci-VSP, a voltage-sensing domain (VSD) controls a lipid phosphatase domain (PD). The mechanism by which the domains are allosterically coupled is not well understood. Using an in vivo assay, we found that the interdomain linker that connects the VSD to the PD is essential for coupling the full-length protein. Biochemical(More)
Patients with tetraplegia often have respiratory complications because of paralysis of the abdominal and intercostal muscles. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) has been used to improve breathing in these patients by applying surface stimulation to the abdominal muscles. We aimed to find the best nerves to stimulate directly to increase tidal volume(More)
Potassium channels are among the core functional elements of life because they underpin essential cellular functions including excitability, homeostasis, and secretion. We present here a series of multivalent calix[4]arene ligands that bind to the surface of voltage-dependent potassium channels (K(v)1.x) in a reversible manner. Molecular modeling correctly(More)
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