Learn More
BACKGROUND Designed to mimic the look and feel of tobacco cigarettes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may facilitate smoking cessation. However, the efficacy and safety of e-cigarette use for this purpose remain poorly understood. Our objectives were to review the available data on the efficacy and safety of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation and to(More)
A systematic review of the research literature on honor killings in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) indicates a paucity of studies relative to the presumed magnitude of the problem. Forty articles were reviewed and critically appraised, of which only 9 contained primary data and 11 presented original secondary analyses. Despite a recent increase in(More)
BACKGROUND Varenicline is an efficacious smoking-cessation drug. However, previous meta-analyses provide conflicting results regarding its cardiovascular safety. The publication of several new randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provides an opportunity to reassess this potential adverse drug reaction. METHODS AND RESULTS We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and(More)
BACKGROUND The most appropriate pharmacological treatment for stroke prevention after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is unclear. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies examining the effect of various pharmacological treatment regimens on rates of stroke, bleeding, and death after(More)
BACKGROUND Less than one-third of smokers hospitalized with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remain abstinent following discharge. We assessed whether varenicline, begun in-hospital, is efficacious for smoking cessation following ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in which smokers(More)
IMPORTANCE Stent retrievers are a promising alternative for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Several recently completed clinical trials have examined the use of stent retrievers with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) compared with rtPA alone. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized(More)
UNLABELLED Patients who continue to smoke after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have a significantly increased risk of reinfarction and death compared with those who quit. Varenicline is a first-line smoking cessation therapy with proven efficacy in the general population. However, its efficacy and safety immediately after an ACS are unknown. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking cessation and weight management are recommended after acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, little is known about the effects of smoking cessation on weight change after ACS. We aimed to assess the effect of smoking cessation after ACS on weight over a 12-month follow-up period. METHODS AND RESULTS Data were prospectively collected(More)
CONTEXT Treatment guidelines recommend the use of combination therapies for smoking cessation, particularly behavioral therapy (BT) as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy. However, these guidelines rely on previous reviews with important limitations. This study's objective was to evaluate the efficacy of combination therapies compared with monotherapies, using(More)