Sarah B. J. Macfarlane

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BACKGROUND Surgical conditions contribute significantly to the disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet there is an apparent neglect of surgical care as a public health intervention to counter this burden. There is increasing enthusiasm to reverse this trend, by promoting essential surgical services at the district hospital, the first point of contact for(More)
BACKGROUND The effort to increase access to emergency and surgical care in low-income countries has received global attention. While most of the literature on this issue focuses on workforce challenges, it is critical to recognize infrastructure gaps that hinder the ability of health systems to make emergency and surgical care a reality. METHODS This(More)
Most people in Africa and Asia are born and die without leaving a trace in any legal record or official statistic. Absence of reliable data for births, deaths, and causes of death are at the root of this scandal of invisibility, which renders most of the world’s poor as unseen, uncountable, and hence uncounted. This situation has arisen because, in some(More)
BACKGROUND There is a growing recognition that the provision of surgical services in low-income countries is inadequate to the need. While constrained health budgets and health worker shortages have been blamed for the low rates of surgery, there has been little empirical data on the providers of surgery and cost of surgical services in Africa. This study(More)
Aflatoxin analysis of blood and urine by high performance liquid chromatography in 584 Sudanese children is reported. The results in 404 malnourished children comprising 141 kwashiorkor, 111 marasmic kwashiorkor and 152 with marasmus are compared with 180 age-matched controls and correlated with clinical findings. The aflatoxin detection rate and mean(More)
Sam Luboga, Sarah B. Macfarlane*, Johan von Schreeb, Margaret E. Kruk, Meena N. Cherian, Staffan Bergström, Paul B. M. Bossyns, Ernest Denerville, Delanyo Dovlo, Moses Galukande, Renee Y. Hsia, Sudha P. Jayaraman, Lindsey A. Lubbock, Charles Mock, Doruk Ozgediz, Patrick Sekimpi, Andreas Wladis, Ahmed Zakariah, Naméoua Babadi Dade, Peter Donkor, Jane Kabutu(More)
A controlled trial of iron dextran prophylaxis in infants 2 months old was carried out on the north coast of New Guinea, where malaria is holoendemic. These infants have a high carrier rate (80%) for alpha + thalassaemia. The neighbouring highland area has a low rate of both malaria and alpha + thalassaemia. The results of clinical and haematological(More)
Blood and urine samples from 252 Sudanese children were investigated for their aflatoxin content by high-performance liquid chromatography. The children comprised 44 with kwashiorkor, 32 with marasmic kwashiorkor, 70 with marasmus, and 106 age-matched, normally nourished controls. Aflatoxins were detected more often and at higher concentrations in sera from(More)
This introduction to Tanzania's health system and acute workforce shortage familiarizes readers with the context in which health professions education takes place. The paper touches on poverty rates, population growth, and characteristics of the health system. The critical shortage of trained health staff is a major challenge facing the health sector,(More)