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The social organisation and political culture of the society in which an organisation is embedded can have major effects on the way in which organisational policy is implemented and on how that organisation functions. Research on health sector reforms has paid scant attention to this aspect. If the claims made for decentralised management in the health(More)
This overview paper draws together findings from previous focus group research and studies of 100 individual construction accidents. Pursuing issues raised by the focus groups, the accident studies collected qualitative information on the circumstances of each incident and the causal influences involved. Site based data collection entailed interviews with(More)
Policies for restructuring national health systems in low- and middle-income countries tend to follow similar packages of prescriptions along the lines of those discussed in the World Development Report of 1993. An ubiquitous reform measure is that of decentralisation. Research on decentralised health care in Northeast Brazil demonstrates the critical role(More)
Since the 1980s, a number of health system interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa have targeted urban areas, reflecting increasing attention to the contextual contrasts between urban and rural health settings. This article compares attempts in two projects-in Zambia and Tanzania-to strengthen urban primary health care in the public sector and make it more(More)
The study aims to define configurations of factors from local, regional and national levels that, within a context of decentralized health systems, enable or hinder change towards a health care model of promotion and disease prevention as advocated in current Latin American public health discourse. The project made in-depth case studies of prevention and(More)
BACKGROUND While the prevalence of anxiety and depression has increased, little is known of the impact on working life. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of anxiety and depression and the treatment for these conditions on performance and safety in the workplace. METHOD Nine focus groups were conducted with employees who had suffered anxiety(More)
BACKGROUND and objectives. The prevalence of depression and anxiety has increased in recent years, leading to extensive use of medication. This study used a qualitative, in-depth approach to investigate patients' experiences of taking medication prescribed for these conditions. Sampling from a range of occupational sectors, the research explored the impact(More)
The aim of the study was to explore the influences on the perceptions of potential risks of pregnancy in a developing country. The perceptions were analyzed in order to construct a local explanatory model of health which could be compared to the activities promoted by the health services. The relationship of perceptions of risk to women's reported(More)
Intervention to enhance wellbeing through participation in the creative arts has a transformative potential, but the spatialities to this are poorly theorised. The paper examines arts-based interventions in two primary schools in which small groups of children are taken out of their everyday classrooms to participate in weekly sessions. The paper argues(More)
Much of the current reform of urban health systems in sub-Saharan Africa focuses upon the referral system between different levels of care. It is often assumed that patients are by-passing primary facilities which leads to congestion at hospital outpatient departments. Zambia is well advanced in its health sector reform and this case study from the capital,(More)