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The social organisation and political culture of the society in which an organisation is embedded can have major effects on the way in which organisational policy is implemented and on how that organisation functions. Research on health sector reforms has paid scant attention to this aspect. If the claims made for decentralised management in the health(More)
The steroid estradiol-17β (E2) is associated with female gametogenesis in all vertebrates and many invertebrates. This is the first report of estrogens in scleractinian corals. Seawater and egg slicks were collected during a mass coral spawn at Ningaloo reef, Western Australia for the measurement of total phosphate (TP) and E2. Total P in the water column(More)
This overview paper draws together findings from previous focus group research and studies of 100 individual construction accidents. Pursuing issues raised by the focus groups, the accident studies collected qualitative information on the circumstances of each incident and the causal influences involved. Site based data collection entailed interviews with(More)
Since the 1980s, a number of health system interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa have targeted urban areas, reflecting increasing attention to the contextual contrasts between urban and rural health settings. This article compares attempts in two projects-in Zambia and Tanzania-to strengthen urban primary health care in the public sector and make it more(More)
The study aims to define configurations of factors from local, regional and national levels that, within a context of decentralized health systems, enable or hinder change towards a health care model of promotion and disease prevention as advocated in current Latin American public health discourse. The project made in-depth case studies of prevention and(More)
BACKGROUND The number of people taking prescribed medication for anxiety and depression has increased greatly, but little is known of how this medication impacts on safety at work. AIMS To examine the relation between anxiety and depression, prescribed medication, performance, and safety in the workplace. METHODS The research involved nine focus groups(More)
BACKGROUND and objectives. The prevalence of depression and anxiety has increased in recent years, leading to extensive use of medication. This study used a qualitative, in-depth approach to investigate patients' experiences of taking medication prescribed for these conditions. Sampling from a range of occupational sectors, the research explored the impact(More)
BACKGROUND While the prevalence of anxiety and depression has increased, little is known of the impact on working life. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of anxiety and depression and the treatment for these conditions on performance and safety in the workplace. METHOD Nine focus groups were conducted with employees who had suffered anxiety(More)
Policies for restructuring national health systems in low- and middle-income countries tend to follow similar packages of prescriptions along the lines of those discussed in the World Development Report of 1993. An ubiquitous reform measure is that of decentralisation. Research on decentralised health care in Northeast Brazil demonstrates the critical role(More)
The paper has two aims: to explore possible determinants of user satisfaction based on a broad conception of the health care system involving both individual and district scale variables, and to add to the limited knowledge and empirical study about such determinants in developing countries. The study was carried out in one of Brazil's poorest states,(More)