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Evolutionary and Ecological Causes of the Latitudinal Diversity Gradient in Hylid Frogs: Treefrog Trees Unearth the Roots of High Tropical Diversity
TLDR
Overall, this study illustrates how two general principles (niche conservatism and the time‐for‐speciation effect) may help explain the latitudinal diversity gradient as well as many other diversity patterns across taxa and regions. Expand
REPLICATE PATTERNS OF SPECIES RICHNESS, HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY, AND PHYLOGENY IN HOLARCTIC TREEFROGS
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships among 58 hylid taxa are reconstructed using data from two mitochondrial genes (12S, ND1) and two nuclear genes (POMC, c-myc), and the replicate pattern in Holarctic hylids seems to reflect specialized tolerance for temperate climate regimes or possibly the effects of competition. Expand
Branch lengths, support, and congruence: testing the phylogenomic approach with 20 nuclear loci in snakes.
TLDR
This study examines the relationships between branch lengths, branch support, and congruence among genes using a data set of 20 nuclear loci for 50 species of snakes to support the hypothesis that short branches may be very difficult to confidently resolve, even with large, multilocus data sets. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia and adjacent areas: evidence for a single origin of the endemic skinks of Tasmantis.
TLDR
The hypothesis that skinks colonized Tasmantis by over-water dispersal initially to New Caledonia, then to Lord Howe Island, and finally to New Zealand is supported, and the lineage is 35.4-40.74 million years old. Expand
A PHYLOGENETIC PERSPECTIVE ON ELEVATIONAL SPECIES RICHNESS PATTERNS IN MIDDLE AMERICAN TREEFROGS: WHY SO FEW SPECIES IN LOWLAND TROPICAL RAINFORESTS?
TLDR
The results imply that local-scale environmental factors alone may be insufficient to explain the high species richness of lowland tropical rainforests, and that diversification rates are lower in earth's most species-rich biome. Expand
REPLICATE PATTERNS OF SPECIES RICHNESS, HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY, AND PHYLOGENY IN HOLARCTIC TREEFROGS
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships among 58 hylid taxa are reconstructed using data from two mitochondrial genes (12S, ND1) and two nuclear genes (POMC, c‐myc) and the results show the importance of ecology and evolution to large‐scale biogeography andThe importance of largescale bioge geography to understanding patterns of species richness. Expand
Evolution underground: a molecular phylogenetic investigation of Australian burrowing freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Parastacidae) with particular focus on Engaeus Erichson.
TLDR
Using a Bayesian relaxed molecular clock method, the 16S rDNA data show generic-level diversification coinciding with the transition from a wet to arid palaeoclimate near the mid Miocene. Expand
A PHYLOGENETIC HOT SPOT FOR EVOLUTIONARY NOVELTY IN MIDDLE AMERICAN TREEFROGS
TLDR
This study may be the first to statistically document significant phylogenetic clustering and correlation in the origins of novel structures, and to demonstrate the strongly misleading effects of peramorphosis on phylogenetic analysis. Expand
Cryptic diversity in Engaeus Erichson, Geocharax Clark and Gramastacus Riek (Decapoda:Parastacidae) revealed by mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences
TLDR
Analysis of species boundaries within Geocharax suggests that there are an additional two species in this genus, and analysis of Gramastacus indicates that undescribed populations from central New South Wales may comprise a second species. Expand
A New Genus and Species of Live-Bearing Scincid Lizard (Reptilia: Scincidae) from New Caledonia
TLDR
A new genus and species of lizard is described from far northern New Caledonia and the Îles Belep, to the north of the NewCaledonian mainland, that is highly divergent in its scalation and includes a combination of character states not seen in any other New Calingonian species. Expand
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