Learn More
Measurement of disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease is difficult. The best available methods are complex and time consuming, but it may be possible to use tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) concentration in stool as a marker of disease activity. We measured TNF alpha concentrations in stool samples from normal children, infants(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the safety, pharmacokinetics, and activity of an anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha monoclonal antibody in severe sepsis. DESIGN Open-label, prospective, phase II multicenter trial with escalating doses of a murine monoclonal antibody (CB0006). SETTING Twelve academic medical center intensive care units in the United States(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND AND CASE STUDY: Surgical fires are rare but preventable. During facial surgery for a 68-year-old man, a fire broke out, resulting in first- and second-degree burns after a nasal cannula ignited in an oxygen-rich environment because of improper draping and tenting. DISCUSSION Operating room (OR) fires can be prevented if any component(More)
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is a major proinflammatory cytokine which appears in the cerebrospinal fluid very early after endotoxin challenge, and is likely to be produced locally. Following in vivo and in vitro challenge with endotoxin, we have demonstrated immunocytochemically and by in situ hybridization that pig and guinea-pig choroid(More)
This report describes the development and the biology of Sch 55700, a humanized monoclonal antibody to human IL-5 (hIL-5). Sch 55700 was synthesized using CDR (complementarity determining regions) grafting technology by incorporating the antigen recognition sites for hIL-5 onto consensus regions of a human IgG4 framework. In vitro, Sch 55700 displays high(More)
Quantitative and qualitative disturbances in faecal flora suggest a role for enteric bacteria and their products in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study investigated the hypothesis that systemically circulating endotoxins are of pathogenic significance in IBD by measuring antibody, cytokine, and acute phase protein responses.(More)
The clinical effects of a murine monoclonal antibody (CB0006) directed against tumour necrosis factor were investigated in an open study of 41 Gambian children receiving otherwise conventional therapy for cerebral malaria. Ten children received a single i.v. dose of CB0006 at 0.1 mg/kg, 10 received 1 mg/kg, 10 received 5 mg/kg, and 11 were randomly selected(More)
A murine antibody to human tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) (CB0010) was complementarity-determining region (CDR)-grafted using human IgG4 heavy and kappa light chain constant regions. In cynomolgus monkeys, the grafted antibody (CDP571) was eliminated with a half-life of 40-90 hr, two to three times longer than CB0010, and immunogenicity was(More)
The production and release of cytokines and their receptors are of critical importance in mediating graft injury. In order to evaluate the expression of cytokines in renal allograft biopsies, we performed immunocytochemical studies to detect activated cells positive for TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-2R, using an alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase(More)