Sara Sjöling

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The critical residues involved in targeting and processing of the soybean alternative oxidase to plant and animal mitochondria was investigated. Import of various site-directed mutants into soybean mitochondria indicated that positive residues throughout the length of the presequence were important for import, not just those in the predicted region of(More)
A novel lipase was isolated from a metagenomic library of Baltic Sea sediment bacteria. Prokaryotic DNA was extracted and cloned into a copy control fosmid vector (pCC1FOS) generating a library of >7000 clones with inserts of 24-39 kb. Screening for clones expressing lipolytic activity based on the hydrolysis of tributyrin and p-nitrophenyl esters,(More)
The microbial diversity in maritime meltwater pond sediments from Bratina Island, Ross Sea, Antarctica was investigated by 16S rDNA-dependent molecular phylogeny. Investigations of the vertical distribution, phylogenetic composition, and spatial variability of Bacteria and Archaea in the sediment were carried out. Results revealed the presence of a highly(More)
Determinants for the recognition of a mitochondrial presequence by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) have been investigated using mutagenesis and bioinformatics approaches. All plant mitochondrial presequences with a cleavage site that was confirmed by experimental studies can be grouped into three classes. Two major classes contain an arginine(More)
The Baltic Sea is characterized by hyposaline surface waters, hypoxic and anoxic deep waters and sediments. These conditions, which in turn lead to a steep oxygen gradient, are particularly evident at Landsort Deep in the Baltic Proper. Given these substantial differences in environmental parameters at Landsort Deep, we performed a metagenomic census(More)
Cleavage sites in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein targeting peptides (mTPs) from mammals, yeast, and plants have been analysed for characteristic physicochemical features using statistical methods, perceptrons, multilayer neural networks, and self-organizing feature maps. Three different sequence motifs were found, revealing loosely defined arginine(More)
Community structures of active bacterial populations were investigated along a vertical redox profile in coastal Baltic Sea sediments by terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) and clone library analysis. According to correspondence analysis of T-RFLP results and sequencing of cloned 16S rRNA genes, the microbial community structures at(More)
The mitochondrial general processing peptidase (MPP) in plant mitochondria constitutes an integral part of the cytochrome bc1 complex of the respiratory chain. Here we present a characterization of this bifunctional complex from spinach leaf mitochondria. The purified MPP/bc1 complex has a molecular mass of 550 kDa, which corresponds to a dimer. Increased(More)
Soil that is suppressive to disease caused by fungal pathogens is an interesting source to target for novel chitinases that might be contributing towards disease suppression. In this study, we screened for chitinase genes, in a phytopathogen-suppressive soil in three ways: (1) from a metagenomic library constructed from microbial cells extracted from soil,(More)
Nuclear encoded mitochondrial precursor proteins are cleaved to mature size products by the general mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP). In contrast to non-plant sources where MPP is a matrix enzyme, the plant mitochondrial MPP is localised in the inner membrane and constitutes an integral part of the bc1 complex of the respiratory chain. Core proteins(More)