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Two distinct forms of desensitization have been characterized for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. One form results from a weakening of agonist affinity when channels are activated whereas the other form of desensitization results when channels enter a long-lived nonconducting state. A weakening of glycine affinity upon NMDA receptor activation has(More)
Recently, we have shown that 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACPC) acts simultaneously as a high affinity full glycine agonist and a low affinity glutamate site competitive antagonist for NMDA receptor channels. In this paper, we have attempted to determine the subunit specificity and mechanism of action of a different putative cyclic partial agonist,(More)
Botulinum toxin (BoTx) has been clinically used in the treatment of localized dystonic states such as blepharospasm, as well as in strabismus. Reported side effects have included primary excessive weakness of neighboring extraocular muscles. To evaluate possible involvement of the iris, we injected BoTx into the retrobular space of albino rats. Ipsilateral(More)
Cerebral necrosis following stroke exposes brain antigens to the immune system, potentially initiating an antibody response. The authors measured levels of antibodies to specific neuronal antigens, neurofilaments (NF), and a ubiquitous antigen, cardiolipin (CL), in 45 patients following an acute first-ever stroke, within 48 hours, and 1, 3, and 6 months(More)
NMDA receptor currents desensitize in an agonist-dependent manner when either the glutamate or glycine agonist is subsaturating. This may result from a conformational change in the NMDA receptor protein that lowers glutamate and glycine binding site affinity induced by co-agonist binding, channel opening, or ion permeation. We have used whole-cell voltage(More)
Antiprothrombin antibodies (aPT), a new serologic marker of antiphospholipid syndrome, were studied in 46 patients randomly selected from 73 with Sneddon's syndrome and 20 matched normal controls. aPT were elevated in 26 patients (57%) and were not found in any of the controls. The addition of aPT data increased the proportion of Sneddon's syndrome patients(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of antidepressants on thrombin-induced phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis. Thrombin 5 units/ml induced a 100%-200% increase in platelet inositol phosphates (IPs) formation. This effect was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by various heterocyclic antidepressants (IC50 40-170 mumol/L) The(More)
The neuroprotective compound, 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACPC), has been reported to act on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors simultaneously as a glycine binding site agonist and a glutamate binding site competitive antagonist. The complex kinetics of NMDA current changes measured by a whole-cell voltage clamp in rat hippocampal neurons(More)
We determined the levels of antineurofilament antibodies in 29 patients with postpolio syndrome (PPS), 26 stable postpolio (PP) patients, 22 patients with ALS, and 20 normal controls (NCs). Patients with PPS had higher antibody levels to cholinergic neurofilaments than did all other groups. PP patients and those with ALS had antibody levels similar to those(More)