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In this work we carried out an ultrastructural analysis of the cell interface between oocyte and follicle cells during the oogenesis of the amphibian Ceratophrys cranwelli, which revealed a complex cell-cell interaction. In the early previtellogenic follicles, the plasma membrane of the follicle cells lies in close contact with the plasma membrane of the(More)
The hypoglycemic effect of the water extract of the leaves of Smallantus sonchifolius (yacon) was examined in normal, transiently hyperglycemic and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Ten-percent yacon decoction produced a significant decrease in plasma glucose levels in normal rats when administered by intraperitoneal injection or gastric tube. In(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Syrup obtained from yacon roots could be well positioned as a nutraceutical product due to its high fructooligosaccharides content. We examined the beneficial effects and tolerance of yacon syrup on human health. METHODS Obese and slightly dyslipidemic pre-menopausal women were studied over a 120-day period in a double-blind(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate structural alterations at the surface of presumptive neural cells after primary embryonic induction. For this purpose, plant lectin-mediated agglutinability of dissociated cells from the epiblast of Bufo arenarum gastrulae was tested. Two fragments of epiblast were excised from the same mid-gastrula: one from(More)
The hypoglycemic activity of a 70% methanol extract from the leaves of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. (Simaroubaceae) was studied in normal, transiently hyperglycemic and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Oral administration of the extract at doses of 14, 70 and 350 mg/kg body weight caused no significant changes in fasting blood glucose levels of normal(More)
Cd exposure has been associated to an augmented risk for cardiovascular disease. We investigated the effects of 15 and 100 ppm of Cd on redox status as well as histological changes in the rat heart and the putative protective effect of a soy-based diet. Male Wistar rats were separated into 6 groups and treated during 60 days as follows: groups (1), (2) and(More)
Although the nephrotoxic effects of lead are well documented, the subcellular mechanisms of its action on the kidney remain unclear. The aim of the present work was to investigate the effects of chronic lead exposure on the expression of laminin-1 and fibronectin in the kidney of lead-treated rats. Western immunoblotting of the kidney extracts revealed that(More)
We have studied the pattern of programmed cell death in the neural crest and analyzed how it is controlled by the activity of the transcription factors Slug and msx1. Our results indicate that apoptosis is more prevalent in the neural folds than in the rest of the neural ectoderm. Through gain- and loss-of-function experiments with inducible forms of both(More)
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by anatomical and functional alterations of the intestinal tract. However, the aetiology of these disturbances remains unclear. The aim of the present work was to investigate the effects of diabetes on the expression of laminin-1 and fibronectin in the small intestine of Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are critical molecules during gut morphogenesis. However, little is known about their participation in the homeostasis of adult gut and their possible role in diseases. Gastrointestinal complications occur during diabetes with loss of enteric neurons. In this study, we investigated the possible involvement of BMPs(More)