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BACKGROUND The hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by infections of the lung and skin, elevated serum IgE, and involvement of the soft and bony tissues. Recently, HIES has been associated with heterozygous dominant-negative mutations in the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and severe reductions of(More)
Sophisticated genetic tools have made possible the identification of the genes responsible for most well-described immunodeficiencies in the past 15 years. Mutations in Btk, components of the pre-B cell and B cell receptor (lambda5, Igalpha, Igbeta), or the scaffold protein BLNK account for approximately 90% of patients with defects in early B cell(More)
T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are critical for providing the necessary signals to induce differentiation of B cells into memory and Ab-secreting cells. Accordingly, it is important to identify the molecular requirements for Tfh cell development and function. We previously found that IL-12 mediates the differentiation of human CD4(+) T cells to the Tfh(More)
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSAN) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by axonal atrophy and degeneration, exclusively or predominantly affecting the sensory and autonomic neurons. So far, disease-associated mutations have been identified in seven genes: two genes for autosomal dominant (SPTLC1 and RAB7)(More)
Receptor-activator of NF-kappaB ligand (TNFSF11, also known as RANKL, OPGL, TRANCE and ODF) and its tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-family receptor RANK are essential regulators of bone remodelling, lymph node organogenesis and formation of a lactating mammary gland. RANKL and RANK are also expressed in the central nervous system. However, the functional(More)
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis disease (CMCD) may be caused by autosomal dominant (AD) IL-17F deficiency or autosomal recessive (AR) IL-17RA deficiency. Here, using whole-exome sequencing, we identified heterozygous germline mutations in STAT1 in 47 patients from 20 kindreds with AD CMCD. Previously described heterozygous STAT1 mutant alleles are(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggested that increased oxidant products and decreased antioxidant system functions may be involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In this study, we investigated total oxidative status, Paraoxonase (PON)1/arylesterase enzyme activities and severity of the disease in smoker and non-smoker psoriatic patients. METHODS Fifty-four(More)
Integrins constitute the major and largest cell adhesion receptor family. These heterodimers undergo dramatic allosteric conforma-tional changes in response to various activation signals acting on their beta integrin subunit tails. 1 In hematopoietic cells, these events are critical for platelet aggregation, firm leukocyte adhesive-ness to vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) cause a combined immunodeficiency (CID) also classified as autosomal recessive (AR) hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). Recognizing patients with CID/HIES is of clinical importance because of the difference in prognosis and management. OBJECTIVES We sought to define the clinical features that distinguish(More)
Immunoglobulin replacement therapy is the essential treatment of B-cell deficiencies. Because of the high expense of therapy, optimal dose, infusion intervals and serum IgG levels should be well defined. Data of 19 X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), 7 hyper-IgM syndrome (HIM) and 20 common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients were analyzed. Infection(More)