Sara Ramalho

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OBJECTIVE The evaluation, by exercise stress testing, of the cardiorespiratory effects of pyridostigmine (PYR), a reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. METHODS A double-blind, randomized, cross-over, placebo-controlled comparison of hemodynamic and ventilation variables of 10 healthy subjects who underwent three exercise stress tests (the first for(More)
Inferior alveolar nerve block is used to anesthetize the ipsilateral mandible. The most commonly used technique is one in which the anesthetic is injected directly into the pterygomandibular space, by an intraoral approach. The fracture of the needle, although uncommon, can lead to potentially serious complications. The needle is usually found in the(More)
Dysphagia is a common symptom in otolaryngology, but neuromuscular causes are rarely diagnostic hypotheses to be considered. The Myasthenia Gravis is an autoimmune disease which is characterized by muscle weakness that can affect the muscles of the face, oral cavity, pharynx or esophagus and may present with swallowing disorders. The authors present the(More)
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