Sara R Labella

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During meiosis, chromosomes must find and align with their homologous partners. SUN and KASH-domain protein pairs play a conserved role by establishing transient linkages between chromosome ends and cytoskeletal forces across the intact nuclear envelope (NE). In C. elegans, a pairing center (PC) on each chromosome mediates homolog pairing and linkage to the(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans expresses five family members of the translation initiation factor eIF4E whose individual physiological roles are only partially understood. We report a specific role for IFE-2 in a conserved temperature-sensitive meiotic process. ife-2 deletion mutants have severe temperature-sensitive chromosome-segregation defects. Mutant germ(More)
Crossover (CO) recombination creates a physical connection between homologs that promotes their proper segregation at meiosis I (MI). Failure to realize an obligate CO causes homologs to attach independently to the MI spindle and separate randomly, leading to nondisjunction. However, mechanisms that determine whether homolog pairs have received crossovers(More)
A variety of agents, including many known to induce erythroid differentiation in Friend murine erythroleukemia cells, were tested for their ability to induce erythroid differentiation in K562 humane erythroleukemia cells. Cells were grown in suspension culture and scored for erythroid differentiation by benzidine staining. Of 39 agents tested, 19 induced(More)
K562 cells have been reported to display a variety of non-erythroid properties. Using 28 lineage-specific monoclonal antibodies, we analysed which antigens are present spontaneously and which are inducible by a variety of agents. The data suggest that (1) antigens of a given lineage are preferentially responsive to certain inducers, e.g. megakaryocytic(More)
Cytokinesis generally produces two separate daughter cells, but in some tissues daughter nuclei remain connected to a shared cytoplasm, or syncytium, through incomplete cytokinesis. How syncytia form remains poorly understood. We studied syncytial formation in the Caenorhabditis elegans germline, in which germ cells connect to a shared cytoplasm core (the(More)
In a previous study we explored the inducibility of erythroid, granulocytic, monocytic and megakaryocytic antigens in the human multipotent leukemia cell line K562. In this study we examine the relationship between induction into the two lineages for which inducibility is most marked: erythroid and megakaryocytic types. Specifically, does any cell manifest(More)
K562 human erythroleukemia cells are an established cell line derived from an adult with chronic myelogenous leukemia. Hemin stimulates their synthesis of embryonic and fetal hemoglobins. We have found that their globin synthetic pattern depends on the concentration of added hemin. Clone RA6 was cultured with 0--100 microM hemin and the globin synthetic(More)
Introduction Initiation of translation in eukaryotes requires the action of at least 33 polypeptides constituting the canonical initiation factors, which act to assemble a series of complexes of increasing size: 43S, 48S and 80S (Kapp and Lorsch, 2004). The rate-limiting step under normal conditions is binding of mRNA to the 43S pre-initiation complex to(More)
Agents which induce monocytic characteristics in HL-60 human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells induce mRNA for the fms proto-oncogene, which encodes the receptor for M-CSF. Previous studies of fms expression in HL-60 cells have characterized chiefly induction by phorbol esters of fms mRNA. Our studies of fms expression in HI-60 cells have characterized(More)