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According to current models, once the cell has reached terminal differentiation, the enhancer repertoire is completely established and maintained by cooperatively acting lineage-specific transcription factors (TFs). TFs activated by extracellular stimuli operate within this predetermined repertoire, landing close to where master regulators are(More)
Enhancers determine tissue-specific gene expression programs. Enhancers are marked by high histone H3 lysine 4 mono-methylation (H3K4me1) and by the acetyl-transferase p300, which has allowed genome-wide enhancer identification. However, the regulatory principles by which subsets of enhancers become active in specific developmental and/or environmental(More)
Mammalian genomes are pervasively transcribed outside mapped protein-coding genes. One class of extragenic transcription products is represented by long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), some of which result from Pol_II transcription of bona-fide RNA genes. Whether all lncRNAs described insofar are products of RNA genes, however, is still unclear. Here we have(More)
CCL23, also known as myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor (MPIF)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3, or CKβ8, is a member of the CC chemokine subfamily exerting its effects via CCR1 binding. By doing so, CCL23 selectively recruits resting T lymphocytes and monocytes, inhibits proliferation of myeloid progenitor cells and promotes angiogenesis.(More)
We identified two mast cell subsets characterized by the differential expression of surface CD25 (IL-2Rα) and by different abilities to produce cytokines and to proliferate, both in vitro and in vivo. CD25 can be expressed on the surface of immune cells in the absence of the other chains of the IL-2R, which are indispensable for IL-2 signaling. We show that(More)
DNA methylation and specifically the DNA methyltransferase enzyme DNMT3A are involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of hematological diseases and in regulating the function of immune cells. Although altered DNA methylation patterns and mutations in DNMT3A correlate with mast cell proliferative disorders in humans, the role of DNA methylation in mast cell(More)
Enhancers and promoters that control the transcriptional output of terminally differentiated cells include cell type-specific and broadly active housekeeping elements. Whether the high constitutive activity of these two groups of cis-regulatory elements relies on entirely distinct or instead also on shared regulators is unknown. By dissecting the(More)
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