Sara P Deakin

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Accumulating data suggest that paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a primary determinant of the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). Variations in HDLs and PON1 have been shown to influence the functions of both. There is a wide spectrum of serum PON1 mass in humans, to which promoter polymorphisms make an important(More)
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a high density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated serum enzyme that protects low density lipoproteins from oxidative modifications. There is a relative lack of information on mechanisms implicated in PON1 release from cells. The present study focused on a model derived from stable transfection of CHO cells, to avoid co-secretion of(More)
PON1 (paraoxonase-1) is an HDL (high-density lipoprotein)-associated enzyme capable of hydrolysing diverse substrates from OP (organophosphate) toxins to oxidized phospholipids. As such, it has been linked with both the prevention of OP poisoning and inhibition of atherosclerosis initiated by oxidatively modified LDL (low-density lipoprotein). Mice(More)
BACKGROUND The HDL-associated enzyme paraoxonase protects LDLs from oxidative stress. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) appear to favorably influence the atherosclerotic process by different mechanisms. The present study examined the influence of simvastatin on paraoxonase expression and serum paraoxonase levels. METHODS(More)
The association of paraoxonase-1 (PON1) with high-density lipoproteins (HDL) is a prerequisite for maintaining normal serum activity of the enzyme. The lipoprotein furnishes an amphipathic environment to shield the hydrophobic, N-terminal region of the enzyme, and such an environment may also be necessary for interaction of PON1 with its substrates. HDL(More)
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) requires a suitable acceptor complex for its secretion from producing cells. The serum lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) has been shown to accomplish this function, whereas low-density lipoproteins are ineffective. The present study examined the influence of the third serum lipoprotein subclass, very low density lipoproteins(More)
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated serum enzyme thought to make a major contribution to the antioxidant capacity of the lipoprotein. In previous studies, we proposed that HDL promoted PON1 secretion by transfer of the enzyme from its plasma membrane location to HDL transiently anchored to the hepatocyte. This study examined(More)
The subfraction distribution of HDL-associated peptides has implications for their functions and the impact of pathological modifications to lipoprotein metabolism on these functions. We have analyzed the subfraction distribution of paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and the consequences for enzyme activity and stability. HDL subfractions were defined by the presence(More)
It has been proposed that paraoxonase1 (PON1), a high density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated esterase/lactonase, has anti-atherosclerotic properties. The activity of PON1 is influenced by PON1 polymorphisms. However, the influence of PON1 polymorphisms on PON1 activity and oxidative stress in response to lipid-lowering drugs remains poorly understood. The(More)
AIM To show that schools achieving higher examination pass and lower truancy rates than expected, given that their pupil populations (high value-added schools) are associated with a lower incidence of smoking among pupils (13-14 years). DESIGN Value-added scores for schools were derived from standardized residuals of two regression equations predicting(More)