Sara Nullens

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES During sepsis, gastrointestinal ileus, mucosal barrier dysfunction and bacterial translocation are accepted to be important triggers that can maintain or exacerbate the septic state. In the caecal ligation and puncture animal model of sepsis, we demonstrated that systemic and colonic interleukin-6 levels are significantly increased(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the efficiency of venom immunotherapy, the effects on basophils and mast cells remain incompletely understood and probably vary according to the treatment phase. OBJECTIVES To study the effect of build-up and maintenance venom immunotherapy on individual basophils. METHODS Intracellular histamine and its release was analyzed flow(More)
Basophils are key effector cells in allergic inflammatory reactions. However, the mechanisms of FcεRI-induced degranulation are complex and remain to be disentangled. Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) molecules modulate various cell functions. STAT5 appears to be essential for IgE-mediated mast cell function, but its role in human(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Animal models of colitis are widely used to study the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However techniques allowing sequential assessment of colonic inflammation over time, without the need to sacrifice the animal, are required. This study evaluated in vive colonoscopy to follow(More)
BACKGROUND Helminth-derived molecules are being identified as a new therapeutic approach for immune-mediated diseases. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effect and the immunological mechanisms of Schistosoma mansoni soluble egg antigens (SmSEA) in a mouse model of chronic colitis. METHODS Colitis was induced in immunocompromised severe combined(More)
Tachykinins are important mediators of neuroneuronal and neuromuscular transmission in the gastrointestinal tract, however their contribution to colonic peristalsis in mice remains unclear. Therefore, our aim was to characterise the functional role of tachykinins in mediating peristalsis by evaluating the effect of selective tachykinin NK(1), NK(2) and(More)
BACKGROUND There is little information regarding gender-specific measurements of colonic transit and anorectal function in patients with defecation disorders (DD). To compare overall colonic transit by gender in DD. METHODS In 407 patients with constipation due to DD diagnosed by a single gastroenterologist (1994-2012), DD was characterized by anorectal(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal dendritic cells (DCs) maintain immune homeostasis, only initiating an active immune response against invading pathogens. However, little information is available on the reaction of mononuclear phagocytes (MNP) to intestinal trematode infection, a reaction equally important in helminth-based therapies. The CD11c(+)  CX3CR1(+)  F4/80(-)(More)
BACKGROUND During abdominal sepsis, the inhibition of gastrointestinal (GI) motility together with mucosal barrier dysfunction will lead to increased bacterial translocation and maintenance of sepsis. The activation of the vagal anti-inflammatory pathway remains an appealing therapeutic strategy in sepsis. In this respect, selective alpha7 nicotinic(More)
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) represents the leading cause of viral bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children worldwide and is associated with high morbidity, hospitalization rate, and significant mortality rates. The immune response elicited by RSV is one of the main factors contributing to the pathogenesis of the disease. Two subsets of the cellular(More)