Learn More
Steroid hormones regulate cell function via specific receptors, members of a super family of ligand activated transcription factors, expressed in their target tissues. A second oestrogen receptor (ER beta) has recently been shown by RT-PCR to have a wide tissue distribution distinct from that of oestrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha). We have raised a(More)
The present study has used methoxyacetic acid (MAA)-induced depletion of specific germ cell types in the rat and in situ hybridization with nonradioactive riboprobes to determine the stages of the spermatogenic cycle at which there is expression of the mRNA for the basic chromosomal protein transition protein 2 (TP2). On Northern blots, an abundant mRNA was(More)
Iron is required for the normal development of germ cells during spermatogenesis. Because these cells have no direct access to systemic iron, there exists a shuttle system involving production and secretion of the iron-transporting protein transferrin by the Sertoli cells. Previous reports using cultures of immature Sertoli cells exposed to adult germ(More)
In a subset of infertile men, a spectrum of spermatogenic defects ranging from a complete absence of germ cells (sertoli cell only) to oligozoospermia is associated with microdeletions of the DAZ (deleted in azoospermia) gene cluster on human distal Yq. DAZ encodes a testis-specific protein with RNA-binding potential recently derived from a single-copy gene(More)
Several recent articles have reported localization of specific mRNAs in the rat testis to stage IX and X seminiferous tubules using in-situ hybridization. In all cases the expression was located basally in the tubules and appeared as discrete round clusters of grains close to the lamina propria. The localization was interpreted as being in Sertoli cells or(More)
Individuals using a visual-to-auditory sensory substitution device (SSD) called 'The vOICe' can identify objects in their environment through images encoded by sound. We have shown that identifying objects with this SSD is associated with activation of occipital visual areas. Here, we show that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) delivered(More)
FSH acts on Sertoli cells via interaction with a transmembrane receptor (FSHr). Control of expression of the receptor is surely a factor in the regulation of the action of FSH. The regulation of FSHr by FSH and testosterone was studied both in culture and in vivo. Sertoli cells from 18- to 20-day-old male rats were cultured in the presence of 25 ng/ml ovine(More)
In line TGR(mRen2)26 transgenic rats (TGR26) bearing a randomly inserted additional renin transgene, the males, but not the females, were found to be infertile. Tissue was obtained from TGR26 males and littermate controls after perfusion fixation, and the morphology of the testes and epididymides was examined. Testis size was normal as was gross morphology,(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster staufen gene encodes an RNA binding protein (Dm Stau) required for the localization and translational repression of mRNAs within the Drosophila oocyte. In mammals translational repression is important for normal spermatogenesis in males and storage of mRNAs in the oocytes of females. In the present study we identified two mouse(More)
Visual field defects often result from stroke and brain injury. The resulting visual impairment can be debilitating for patients, impeding daily activities such as reading and mobility. Historically, it was believed that there was little opportunity for restoration of function following visual system damage. However, the development of various visual(More)