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The gastrointestinal epithelium is known to undergo constant and rapid renewal resulting in millions of cells being shed into the fecal stream every day. The conventional wisdom was that these cells disintegrate upon exfoliation and will not survive the transit through the intestinal tract. In 1990, we (P.N.) made the discovery that a significant number of(More)
Gastrointestinal carcinoid cells secrete multiple neuroendocrine markers and hormones including 5-HT and chromogranin A. The intracellular signaling pathways that regulate production of bioactive molecules are not completely understood. Our aim was to determine whether activation of the raf-1/MEK/MAPK signal transduction pathway in carcinoid cells could(More)
Hypertrophy of the inferior turbinates is a common cause of nasal obstruction. Many cases respond to medical treatment with topical steroids or antihistamines. In some patients, however, this therapy is not sufficient and through the years many surgical procedures have been used to reduce the size of the inferior turbinates, but without any satisfactory(More)
In this study we have characterized the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA for the growth hormone receptor (GHR) and examined the effects of morphine on the gene transcripts for GHR as well as GH binding protein (GHBP) in the male rat hippocampus and spinal cord. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction followed by cloning and sequencing, we found(More)
OBJECTIVE Colorectal cancer is a major cause of cancer mortality in the industrialized nations in the West. Because mortality is closely related to the stage of the disease at the time of diagnosis, detection at an early stage is likely to result in improved recovery rates. Since current diagnostic procedures such as colonoscopy are invasive and the fecal(More)
The response of Escherichia coli to genotoxic agents involves the triggering of a complex system of genes known as the SOS response. In E. coli PQ37, a test organism used for the assessment of genotoxicity, lacZ, the beta-galactosidase gene is placed under the control of sfiA, one of the SOS genes through an operon fusion. The induction of(More)
We report the expression of three visual opsins in the retina of the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus, Vespertilionidae). Gene sequences for a rod-specific opsin and two cone-specific opsins were cloned from cDNA derived from bat eyes. Comparative sequence analyses indicate that the two cone opsins correspond to an ultraviolet short-wavelength opsin(More)
1 activation suppresses neuroendocrine marker and hormone levels in human gastrointestinal carcinoid cells.tinal carcinoid cells secrete multiple neuroendocrine markers and hormones including 5-HT and chromogranin A. The intracellular signaling pathways that regulate production of bioactive molecules are not completely understood. Our aim was to determine(More)
Understanding the nature of cell surface markers on exfoliated colonic cells is a crucial step in establishing criteria for a normally functioning mucosa. We have found that colonic cells isolated from stool samples (SCSR-010 Fecal Cell Isolation Kit, NonInvasive Technologies, Elkridge, MD), preserved at room temperature for up to one week, with viability(More)
" I don't want to achieve immortality through my work. I want to achieve it through not dying " Woody Allen (1935-?) Papers included in the thesis This thesis is based on the following papers, which are referred to in the text by their Roman numerals: Blomqvist. Distribution of growth hormone receptor mRNA in the brain stem and spinal cord of the rat.(More)
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