Sara L Howard

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Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) at concentrations greater than 1 nM induced phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolysis and protein kinase C (PKC) activation in primary culture of airway smooth muscle cells. Within seconds of activation, an increase in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) was observed reaching a maximum at 5 min. The level of IP3 decreased(More)
A glycerophosphonocholine analog of the ether-linked lipid, rac-1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3-GPC), was synthesized in which the head group is nonhydrolyzable by phospholipase C. The phosphonate analog used in this study is rac-3-octadecyloxy-2-methoxy-propyl-phosphonocholine, C18H37OCH2CH(OCH3)CH2P(O)(O)OCH2CH2N+(CH3)3. The(More)
The role of protein-tyrosine phosphorylation in the signal transduction of platelet activating factor (PAF) was investigated in rabbit platelets with a range of synthetic compounds that inhibit protein-tyrosine kinases. In particular, erbstatin (IC50 approximately 20 micrograms/ml) abrogated a wide range of platelet responses to PAF, including tyrosine(More)
The rates at which sheep on different types of pasture shed campylobacters in their faeces were measured over 12 months. Overall, shedding of campylobacters at pasture was between a third and a half of the carriage rate (92%) of the intestines of sheep at slaughter. Shedding was highest during saltmarsh grazing, followed by upland fell and farm grazing. The(More)
The relationship between polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis and protein kinase C (PKC) activation was explored in rabbit platelets treated with the agonists platelet-activating factor (PAF), thrombin and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), and with the anti-aggregant prostacyclin (PGI2). Measurement of the hydrolysis of radiolabelled(More)
The importance of phospholipase C (PLC) in airway smooth muscle contraction was studied, using an inhibitor of PLC, 1-[6-[[17 beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl] amino]hexyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U-73122). Tracheas from ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized guinea pigs contracted rapidly after exposure to low concentrations of antigen (OA). However, tracheas(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the timeliness of access to general practitioner appointments in South Australia. DESIGN AND SETTING Face-to-face interviews with a random and representative sample of South Australians living in metropolitan Adelaide and country towns with a population of 1000 or more in 2007. PARTICIPANTS 2507 people aged 15 years and over who(More)
The prevalence of older Australians with multiple chronic diseases is increasing and now accounts for a large proportion of total health care utilisation. Chronic disease self-management support (CDSMS) has become a core service component of many community based health programs because it is considered a useful tool in improving population health outcomes(More)
Western red cedar asthma is the most common form of occupational asthma in the Pacific Northwest. Plicatic acid (PA) is the chemical component of Western red cedar that causes asthma. The role of immunologic processes involved in the PA-induced asthmatic reaction has not been established. To characterize the mechanisms of PA-induced asthmatic reaction,(More)
To test the hypothesis that the action of antineoplastic ether-linked lipids in leukemic cells is associated with their ability to inhibit protein kinase C (PKC), we have compared the effects of two ether-linked lipids, 1-O-hexadecyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET16-OCH3-GPC) and 1-O-hexadecyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-(S-beta-D-1'-(More)