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In vitro whole-cell recordings of the inferior olive have demonstrated that its neurons are electrotonically coupled and have a tendency to oscillate. However, it remains to be shown to what extent subthreshold oscillations do indeed occur in the inferior olive in vivo and whether its spatiotemporal firing pattern may be dynamically generated by including… (More)
The level of electrotonic coupling in the inferior olive is extremely high, but its functional role in cerebellar motor control remains elusive. Here, we subjected mice that lack olivary coupling to paradigms that require learning-dependent timing. Cx36-deficient mice showed impaired timing of both locomotion and eye-blink responses that were conditioned to… (More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of intrahippocampal infusion of indomethacin as a non-selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor and celecoxib as a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor on spatial memory in the Morris water maze. Rats were trained for 3 days; each day included two blocks, and each block contained 4 trials. Tests were performed 48 h after… (More)
Homozygous tottering mice are spontaneous ataxic mutants, which carry a mutation in the gene encoding the ion pore of the P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channels. P/Q-type calcium channels are prominently expressed in Purkinje cell terminals, but it is unknown to what extent these inhibitory terminals in tottering mice are affected at the morphological and… (More)
The inferior olive (IO) forms one of the major gateways for information that travels to the cerebellar cortex. Olivary neurons process sensory and motor signals that are subsequently relayed to Purkinje cells. The intrinsic subthreshold membrane potential oscillations of the olivary neurons are thought to be important for gating this flow of information. In… (More)
stimulation, motor performance or motor learning. The current data raise the possibility that the bistability found in neurons in other brain regions 1 is also related to anesthesia, and they indicate that one should, in general, be careful in assigning important physiological roles to the phenomenon of bistability.
The contributions of the inhabitants, general practitioners and pharmacists of the Ommoord district to the Rotterdam Study are gratefully acknowledged.