Sara Khadjeh

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Despite many aspects of the regulation of segmentation being conserved among arthropods, the evolution of novel gene functions has played an important role in the evolution of developmental regulation and the emergence of new segmental structures. Moreover the study of such novel gene functions can be informative with respect to the patterns and direction(More)
The prosoma of spiders bears different gnathal (labrum, chelicerae, pedipalps) and locomotory appendages (legs). In most species these appendages are also used for additional functions, e.g. sensing, mating, and courtship. The opisthosoma is equipped with four pairs of highly specialized appendages. Two pairs of spinnerets are used for silk production and(More)
Evolution often results in morphologically similar solutions in different organisms, a phenomenon known as convergence. However, there is little knowledge of the processes that lead to convergence at the genetic level. The genes of the Hox cluster control morphology in animals. They may also be central to the convergence of morphological traits, but whether(More)
TBC1D10C is a protein previously demonstrated to bind and inhibit Ras and Calcineurin. In cardiomyocytes, also CaMKII is inhibited and all three targeted enzymes are known to promote maladaptive cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Here, in accordance with lack of Calcineurin inhibition in vivo, we did not observe a relevant anti-hypertrophic effect despite(More)
AIM We have previously reported that early phase (1 week) of experimental volume overload (VO) has an adaptive phenotype while wall stress-matched pressure overload (PO) is maladaptive. Here we investigate the transition from adaptation to heart failure (HF) in long-term VO. METHODS AND RESULTS FVB/N wild-type mice were subjected to VO induced by(More)
Vertebrates have evolved gills and homologous organ parathyroid that regulate calcium level in the blood in their different living environments. In higher teleosts, chloride cells in the skin are known to regulate calcium level, yet molecular mechanisms that control development of these cells during the evolution of higher teleosts remain to be(More)
The ability to generate patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provides a unique opportunity for modeling heart disease in vitro. In this study, we generated iPSCs from a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) caused by a missense mutation S635A in RNA-binding motif protein 20 (RBM20) and investigated the functionality and cell biology(More)
Hemodynamic load leads to cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. While afterload (pressure overload) induces concentric hypertrophy, elevation of preload (volume overload) yields eccentric hypertrophy and is associated with a better outcome. Here we analysed the proteomic pattern of mice subjected to short-term preload. Female FVB/N mice were subjected to(More)
Induction of the cell cycle is emerging as an intervention to treat heart failure. Here, we tested the hypothesis that enhanced cardiomyocyte renewal in transgenic mice expressing cyclin D2 would be beneficial during hemodynamic overload. We induced pressure overload by transthoracic aortic constriction (TAC) or volume overload by aortocaval shunt in cyclin(More)
Gene duplications provide genetic material for the evolution of new morphological and physiological features. One copy can preserve the original gene functions while the second copy may evolve new functions (neofunctionalisation). Gene duplications may thus provide new genes involved in evolutionary novelties. We have studied the duplicated homeobox gene(More)