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BACKGROUND The spread of Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) strains that produce K. pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs) has become a significant problem, and treatment of infections caused by these pathogens is a major challenge for clinicians. METHODS In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, conducted in 3 large Italian teaching hospitals, we examined 125(More)
HIV and hepatitis C virus infection are serious and prevalent health conditions among many women who inject drugs. Qualitative interviews with 20 injection drug using women at a short term drug treatment center in Rhode Island revealed six primary barriers and facilitators for testing and receiving results and treatment for hepatitis and HIV, as well as for(More)
The spread of antimicrobial resistance among Gram negative bacteria has dramatically reduced the current therapeutic opportunities and hampered the perspectives of drug discovery pipeline. Several unmet needs concerning the optimal therapeutic approaches to severe infections caused by the leading multi-drug-resistant GNB are still unresolved, mainly in(More)
OBJECTIVES Infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) carbapenemase (KPC)-producing strains of Kp have become a significant threat in recent years. To assess their outcomes and identify risk factors for 14 day mortality, we conducted a 4 year (2010-13) retrospective cohort study in five large Italian teaching hospitals. METHODS The cohort included(More)
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often inquire about dietary interventions to improve RA symptoms. Although the majority of studies of diet and RA were published prior to the start of the twenty-first century, this review discusses the evidence for a relationship between diet, in particular omega-3 fatty acid supplements, vitamin D supplements,(More)
BACKGROUND Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy characterized by hemolysis, platelet consumption, and renal injury. Eculizumab, a mAb that blocks complement activity, has been successfully used in aHUS. OBJECTIVES To optimize eculizumab therapy in aHUS patients by monitoring complement functional tests and markers of(More)
Past studies have focused on aggregate lupus disease activity during pregnancy and have produced conflicting results. Our study evaluated lupus activity based on involvement of five specific organ systems during the six months prior to conception and during pregnancy. We assessed 147 pregnancies among 113 women followed at Brigham and Women's Lupus Center,(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Previous studies have shown that rapid recovery of the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) is associated with improved transplant outcomes after related and unrelated donor allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). No consistent association has been reported between lymphocyte recovery and transplant outcome after cord blood(More)
Multidrug resistance associated with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) among K. pneumoniae is endemic in southern Europe. We retrospectively analyzed the impact of resistance on the appropriateness of empirical therapy and treatment outcomes of K. pneumoniae bloodstream infections (BSIs) during a 2-year(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aimed to assess whether maternal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus during pregnancy or at delivery was associated with infant staphylococcal colonization. METHODS For this prospective cohort study, women were enrolled at 34 to 37 weeks of gestation between 2007 and 2009. Nasal and vaginal swabs for culture were obtained at(More)