Sara J. Newmann

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BACKGROUND Concerns have been raised about efavirenz reducing the effectiveness of contraceptive implants. We aimed to establish whether pregnancy rates differ between HIV-positive women who use various contraceptive methods and either efavirenz-based or nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens. METHODS We did this retrospective cohort study(More)
W orldwide, an estimated 493,243, cases of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) occur each year and 273,505 women die of the disease. There is a global disparity in the incidence of cervical cancer, with the burden of cases occurring in less developed countries (83%), where effective cervical cancer screening and treatment services have often been difficult to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether integrating family planning services into HIV care is associated with increased use of more effective contraceptive methods (sterilization, intrauterine device, implant, injectable or oral contraceptives). DESIGN Cluster-randomized trial. SETTING Eighteen public HIV clinics in Nyanza Province, Kenya. PARTICIPANTS Women(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine whether consumption of sweetened dried cranberries elicits urinary anti-adherence properties against Escherichia coli as previously demonstrated with cranberry juice and/or sweetened cranberry juice cocktail, compared to unsweetened raisins. DESIGN Uropathogenic E. coli isolates were obtained from five(More)
ObjectiveTo reveal areas of research/knowledge related to social inequities and cervical cancer. Methods: A Medline search was performed looking for US based research on cervical cancer and social inequities since 1990. The papers found were organized into cells defined by a “cancer disparities grid.” Results: The majority of research published about(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate costs, cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness of integration of family planning into HIV services. INTERVENTION Integration of family planning services into HIV care and treatment clinics. DESIGN A cluster-randomized trial. SETTING Twelve health facilities in Nyanza, Kenya were randomized to integrate family planning into HIV(More)
Although less than 2% of abortions in the United States occur after 20 weeks, procedures performed at more advanced gestations are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Adequate cervical preparation before dilation and evacuation (D&E) at 20 or more weeks' gestation reduces procedural risk. However, few clinical trials have included sufficient(More)
With high rates of unintended pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa, integration of family planning (FP) into HIV care is being explored as a strategy to reduce unmet need for contraception. Perspectives and experiences of healthcare providers are critical in order to create sustainable models of integrated care. This qualitative study offers insight into how HIV(More)
Research in sub-Saharan Africa has shown significant diversity in how HIV influences infected couples' fertility intentions. Supporting HIV-infected, sero-concordant couples in sub-Saharan Africa to make informed choices about their fertility options has not received sufficient attention. In-depth interviews were conducted among 23 HIV-positive,(More)
This study explored barriers to and facilitators of using family planning services among HIV-positive men in Nyanza Province, Kenya. From May to June 2010, in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 men receiving care at 15 HIV clinics. The key barriers to the use of family planning included concerns about side effects of contraceptives, lack of knowledge(More)