Sara J. Fernandez

Learn More
The cognitive hallmark of early Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an extraordinary inability to form new memories. For many years, this dementia was attributed to nerve-cell death induced by deposits of fibrillar amyloid beta (Abeta). A newer hypothesis has emerged, however, in which early memory loss is considered a synapse failure caused by soluble Abeta(More)
Oxidative stress is a major aspect of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology. We have investigated the relationship between oxidative stress and neuronal binding of Abeta oligomers (also known as ADDLs). ADDLs are known to accumulate in brain tissue of AD patients and are considered centrally related to pathogenesis. Using hippocampal neuronal cultures, we found(More)
Amyloid beta (Abeta) immunotherapy for Alzheimer's disease has shown initial success in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease and in human patients. However, because of meningoencephalitis in clinical trials of active vaccination, approaches using therapeutic antibodies may be preferred. As a novel antigen to generate monoclonal antibodies, the current study(More)
Amyloid beta 1-42 (Abeta(1-42)) is a self-associating peptide that becomes neurotoxic upon aggregation. Toxicity originally was attributed to the presence of large, readily formed Abeta fibrils, but a variety of other toxic species are now known. The current study shows that Abeta(1-42) can self-assemble into small, stable globular assemblies free of(More)
Recent studies have indicated an association between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and central nervous system (CNS) insulin resistance. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the link between these two pathologies have not been elucidated. Here we show that signal transduction by neuronal insulin receptors (IR) is strikingly sensitive to disruption by(More)
Pascale N. Lacor,1 Maria C. Buniel,1 Lei Chang,1 Sara J. Fernandez,1 Yuesong Gong,1 Kirsten L. Viola,1 Mary P. Lambert,1 Pauline T. Velasco,1 Eileen H. Bigio,2 Caleb E. Finch,3 Grant A. Krafft,4 and William L. Klein1 1Neurobiology and Physiology Department, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, 2Neuropathology Core, Northwestern Alzheimer’s(More)
When wild-type MDCK cells (W-MDCK) were cocultured in mixed monolayers with a ouabain-resistant mutant (R-MDCK), the wild-type cells were protected from the effect of ouabain up to concentrations as high as 100 microM. Rescue depended on the dose of ouabain and on the proportion of each cell type in the coculture. The survival of R-MDCK cells at 1 microM(More)
The isthmic complex is part of a visual midbrain circuit thought to be involved in stimulus selection and spatial attention. In birds, this circuit is composed of the nuclei isthmi pars magnocellularis (Imc), pars parvocellularis (Ipc), and pars semilunaris (SLu), all of them reciprocally connected to the ipsilateral optic tectum (TeO). The Imc conveys(More)
Surface-associated marine bacteria are an interesting source of new secondary metabolites. The aim of this study was the isolation and identification of epiphytic bacteria from the marine brown alga, Bifurcaria bifurcata, and the evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of bacteria extracts. The identification of epiphytic bacteria was(More)
Bleomycin inhibits hepatic microsomal ethylmorphine N-demethylase activity in both the athymic (nude) mouse and the rat four days after a single injection. This inhibition occurred both with subcutaneous and intraperitoneal injections. With multiple dose chronic treatment, s.c. injections resulted in decreases in both enzymatic activity and cytochrome P450(More)