Sara J Brown

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Packy & Marlon, an interactive video game designed to improve self-care among children and adolescents with diabetes, was evaluated in a six-month randomized controlled trial. In the game, players take the role of animated characters who manage their diabetes by monitoring blood glucose, taking insulin injections, and choosing foods, while setting out to(More)
The discovery, in 2006, that loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin (FLG) gene are the cause of ichthyosis vulgaris-the most common disorder of keratinization-and also a strong genetic risk factor for atopic eczema, marked a significant breakthrough in the understanding of eczema pathogenesis. Subsequent investigations of the role of FLG-null mutations(More)
Loss-of-function variants within the filaggrin gene (FLG) increase the risk of atopic dermatitis. FLG also demonstrates intragenic copy number variation (CNV), with alleles encoding 10, 11, or 12 filaggrin monomers; hence, CNV may affect the amount of filaggrin expressed in the epidermis. A total of 876 Irish pediatric atopic dermatitis cases were compared(More)
BACKGROUND The discovery of filaggrin (FLG) null mutations as a major risk factor for eczema represents a milestone toward the understanding of an important mechanism in this complex disease. However, published studies demonstrate differences concerning design and effect size, and conflicting results for asthma have been reported. OBJECTIVES We sought to(More)
BACKGROUND Null mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) cause ichthyosis vulgaris (IV) and predispose to atopic dermatitis (AD). Cohort studies in Europe and Japan have reported an FLG mutation carrier frequency of between 14% and 56%, but the prevalent European FLG mutations are rare or absent in Chinese patients with IV and AD. OBJECTIVES To investigate(More)
Crude salivary gland derived proteins from Amblyomma americanum ticks were analyzed by physiochemical (gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography) and immunochemical guinea pig IgG1 (anti-tick immunoaffinity column) techniques for the presence of antigens responsible for the induction of host immune resistance responses. Gel filtration (G-75 Sephadex)(More)
BACKGROUND Null mutations within the filaggrin gene (FLG) are associated with moderate-to-severe atopic eczema; their role in mild-to-moderate eczema in the general population is unknown. OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the significance of 5 common FLG null mutations in childhood atopic eczema in an unselected population cohort. METHODS Eight hundred(More)
  • Sara J Brown
  • The American journal of tropical medicine and…
  • 1982
Naive and actively and passively sensitized guinea pigs were infested with adult Amblyomma americanum ticks. Naive hosts allowed for 75-81% tick yield, 518-581 mg mean tick weight and an average tick feeding period of 12-13 days. Actively sensitized and challenged hosts, however, allowed only 47% tick yield (38.9% rejection), replete individuals were(More)
BACKGROUND IgE-mediated peanut allergy is a complex trait with strong heritability, but its genetic basis is currently unknown. Loss-of-function mutations within the filaggrin gene are associated with atopic dermatitis and other atopic diseases; therefore, filaggrin is a candidate gene in the etiology of peanut allergy. OBJECTIVE To investigate the(More)
Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease with a strong heritable component. Pathogenetic models consider keratinocyte differentiation defects and immune alterations as scaffolds, and recent data indicate a role for autoreactivity in at least a subgroup of patients. FLG (encoding filaggrin) has been identified as a major locus causing skin(More)