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BACKGROUND Mutations in the TUBA1A gene have been reported in patients with lissencephaly and perisylvian pachygyria. METHODS Twenty-five patients with malformations of cortical development ranging from lissencephaly to polymicrogyria were screened for mutations in TUBA1A. RESULTS Two novel heterozygous missense mutations in TUBA1A were identified:(More)
Human mtDNA is transcribed from both strands, producing polycistronic RNA species that are immediately processed. Discrete RNA units are matured by the addition of nucleotides at their 3' termini: -CCA trinucleotide is added to mt-tRNAs, whilst mt-rRNAs and mt-mRNAs are oligo- or polyadenylated, respectively. The cis-acting elements, enzymes and indeed the(More)
Both dominant and recessive missense mutations were recently reported in the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) in patients with progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO). The authors report on a patient homozygous for a recessive missense mutation in POLG who presented with a multisystem disorder without PEO. The most prominent(More)
UNLABELLED Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, lethal neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system, caused by an uncontrolled expansion of a CAG dynamic mutation in the coding region of the IT15gene. Although a majority of patients have a midlife onset of the disease, in a small number of patients the disease manifests before 20(More)
The diagnosis of a mitochondrial disorder is often difficult. Therefore, new approaches and diagnostic criteria are being developed. One of these tests is the aerobic forearm exercise test, a screening tool that can contribute to assess whether or not the patient suffers from a mitochondrial myopathy. With this simple, non-invasive test, the oxidative(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the molecular identification of a novel heteroplasmic G-to-A transition at mitochondrial DNA position 3249 in transfer RNA(Leu) gene in a patient with a clinical phenotype resembling Kearns-Sayre syndrome. PATIENT AND METHODS A 34-year-old patient had been suffering for more than 10 years from progressive visual failure,(More)
The pathological nature of Leigh syndrome is highly variable and depends on the underlying mitochondrial or nuclear genome defect. Mitochondrial m.8993T>G and m.8993T>C mutations are responsible for both NARP (neurogenic weakness, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa) and Leigh syndrome depending on the amount of mutant mtDNA. The clinical findings of Leigh(More)
A 2.5-year-old boy with bilateral striatal lesions is reported. Using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct DNA sequencing, a novel point mutation (T to C) at nucleotide 8851 of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was identified. This mutation changes a highly conserved tryptophan to arginine in subunit 6 of the(More)
AIMS Description of the clinical course in a child compound heterozygous for POLG1 mutations, neuropathology findings and results of dietary treatment based on fasting avoidance and long chain triglycerides (LCT) restriction. RESULTS At 3(1/2) months of age the patient presented with severe hypoglycemia, hyperlactatemia, moderate ketosis and hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND Primary coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiencies are heterogeneous autosomal recessive disorders. CoQ2 mutations have been identified only rarely in patients. All affected individuals presented with nephrotic syndrome in the first year of life. METHODS An infant is studied with myoclonic seizures and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the first months of(More)