Sara H Seneca

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Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by motor disturbance, cognitive loss and psychiatric manifestations, starting between the fourth and the fifth decade, followed by death within 10-20 years of onset of the disease. The disease-causing mutation is an expansion of a CAG triplet repeat at the 5' coding end of the(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM), or Steinert's disease, is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by myotonia, muscular weakness and atrophy, as well as lens opacities, cardiomyopathy and mild endocrine changes. The gene for DM located on 19q contains a triplet repeat at the 3' end of the gene. In DM patients, this repeat is found to be expanded. We have(More)
Fragile X syndrome is the most common monogenic cause of mental retardation in boys. It is always characterized clinically by moderate mental retardation and often by a long face with large everted ears and macro-orchidism. The causal mutation is an expansion of a CGG triplet repeat in a 5' exon of the FMR-1 gene in Xq27.3. We report here for the first time(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the TUBA1A gene have been reported in patients with lissencephaly and perisylvian pachygyria. METHODS Twenty-five patients with malformations of cortical development ranging from lissencephaly to polymicrogyria were screened for mutations in TUBA1A. RESULTS Two novel heterozygous missense mutations in TUBA1A were identified:(More)
Mutations in BCS1L, an assembly factor that facilitates the insertion of the catalytic Rieske Iron-Sulfur subunit into respiratory chain complex III, result in a wide variety of clinical phenotypes that range from the relatively mild Björnstad syndrome to the severe GRACILE syndrome. To better understand the pathophysiological consequences of such(More)
Many laboratories worldwide are offering molecular genetic testing for spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs). This is essential for differential diagnosis and adequate genetic counselling. The European Molecular Genetics Quality Network (EMQN) started an SCA external quality assessment scheme in 2004. There was a clear need for updated laboratory guidelines. EMQN(More)
BACKGROUND Linezolid is an oxazolidinone antibiotic that is increasingly used to treat drug-resistant, gram-positive pathogens. The mechanism of action is inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis. Optic and/or peripheral neuropathy and lactic acidosis are reported side effects, but the underlying pathophysiological mechanism has not been unravelled. (More)
Both dominant and recessive missense mutations were recently reported in the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) in patients with progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO). The authors report on a patient homozygous for a recessive missense mutation in POLG who presented with a multisystem disorder without PEO. The most prominent(More)
Catalytic activity of oxidative phosphorylation complexes is maintained following separation by Blue Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE). In BN-PAGE gels, using histochemical staining methods, we have demonstrated enzymatic activity of the complexes I, II, IV, and V in heart and skeletal muscle, liver, and cultured skin fibroblasts. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the molecular identification of a novel heteroplasmic G-to-A transition at mitochondrial DNA position 3249 in transfer RNA(Leu) gene in a patient with a clinical phenotype resembling Kearns-Sayre syndrome. PATIENT AND METHODS A 34-year-old patient had been suffering for more than 10 years from progressive visual failure,(More)