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MRI, proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have been shown to be of great prognostic value in term newborns with moderate–severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Currently, no data are available on 1H-MRS and DTI performed in the subacute phase after hypothermic treatment. The aim of the present study was(More)
Brain computerized axial tomography scans were performed in 18 consecutive liver cirrhosis patients with chronic persistent encephalopathy (8 alcoholic and 10 nonalcoholic) in order to evaluate the incidence of brain atrophy in this pathological condition. Fifteen patients of similar age with liver cirrhosis of Child's class B but with acute episodic(More)
BACKGROUND Brain Cooling (BC) represents the elective treatment in asphyxiated newborns. Amplitude Integrated Electroencephalography (aEEG) and Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring may help to evaluate changes in cerebral electrical activity and cerebral hemodynamics during hypothermia. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the prognostic value of aEEG time(More)
OBJECTIVES Brain damage following a perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult has been documented by different diagnostic techniques. The aim of the present study was to relate a-EEG time course during the first 24h of life to brain metabolic changes detected by proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) at 7-10days of life and to evaluate their correlation with(More)
AIM   Surfactant given during brief intubation followed by immediate extubation on nasal continuous positive airway pressure [Intubation-Surfactant-Extubation (InSurE) approach] is used to treat respiratory distress syndrome in newborns. Our aim was to evaluate whether bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) after InSurE failure is able to prevent the need(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in head posture influence brain hemodynamics. Optimal positioning has been recommended as 1 of 10 potentially better practices to reduce the incidence of brain injury in preterm newborns. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) the effect of different head and body positions and the(More)
In upper middle age healthy subjects the functional cardiac reserve is known to be decreased (Port et al., 1980; Aubert et al., 1994). On the other hand regular physical exercise improves the cardiovascular function (Nishimura et al., 1980). The aim of this study was to establish whether regular physical exercise is associated with a significant change in(More)
Fibrin(ogen) degradation product (FDP) and D-dimer levels were evaluated in 168 liver cirrhosis (LC) patients without evidence of bleeding. Eighty-two (48%) had FDP higher than 10 micrograms/ml; only 43 of them had a concomitant increase of D-dimer. These alterations were more frequent in older and decompensated patients and correlated to the Child-Turcotte(More)
UNLABELLED End to end hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis (tt HFA) is a traditional technique for rehabilitation of facial palsy. The sacrifice of the hypoglossal nerve generates a paralysis and an atrophy of the tongue which is thought to lead to speech, chewing and swallowing disorders. In a previous study, we demonstrated that tt HFA does not lead to(More)