Sara G Carroll

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The timed 'Up & Go' test (TUG) is a test of basic or functional mobility in adults which has rarely been used in children. Functional mobility was defined for this study as an individual's ability to manoeuvre his or her body capably and independently to accomplish everyday tasks. Reliability and validity of TUG scores were examined in 176 children without(More)
The influence of stimulus interpulse interval (IPI) on torque output during electrically-evoked contractions was investigated for the knee extensor muscles of paralyzed subjects. The parameters measured were the rise time, magnitude, and relaxation time of the contraction at stimulus IPI's ranging from 62 to 7 ms. Torque output increased as IPI's were(More)
Previous studies have reported large between-subject variations in the time to exhaustion during intermittent running at the velocity at V(.-)O (2max) (vV(.-)O (2max)). This study aimed to determine which physiological factors contribute to this variability. Thirteen male runners (age 38.9 +/- 8.7 years) each completed five treadmill running tests; two(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the reproducibility of time at or above 90 % (t (90 % )VO (2max)) and 95 % (t (95 % )VO (2max)) maximal oxygen uptake during an intermittent treadmill run to exhaustion. Twenty-two distance runners (age 38.0 +/- 7.1 yrs) performed two identical incremental and two identical intermittent tests on four separate days.(More)
Effects of methodological differences on the determination of time at VO (2max) (t (VO2max)) during intermittent treadmill running were investigated. Subjects performed three incremental tests to volitional exhaustion: a continuous protocol with 1-min stages (Cont-INC ([1-min])), and two discontinuous protocols of 2-min (Dis-INC ([2-min])) and 3-min(More)
The increasing number of incomplete cervical spinal cord injuries means that more attention needs to be focused on the rehabilitation of the incomplete quadriplegic hand. A case study, describing the application of electrical stimulation for strengthening the paretic lumbrical muscles, is presented. A 2 week strengthening program resulted in a 33% increase(More)
In theory a criterion can be set on any test score to 'pass' or 'fail' a desired percentage of any population; but in practice, particular measures used in screening can have both intrinsically appropriate criteria and zones of great uncertainty in relation to the condition being screened. For example, the criteria for possible abnormality on oto-admittance(More)
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