Sara Ekelund

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Microphysiometry is a non-invasive, physiological method where measurement of metabolic activity can be made on living human tumor cells. Indirect measurement of the extracellular acidification is measured over a pH-sensitive silicon membrane. In this study microphysiometry was employed for the study of cytotoxic agents used in therapy of cancer. Standard(More)
CHS 828, a newly recognized pyridyl cyanoguanidine, has shown promising antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo and is presently in early phase I clinical trial in collaboration with EORTC. In this study, the effects of CHS 828 and a series of analogues on extracellular acidification and cytotoxicity were compared with those of m-iodobenzylguanidine(More)
Epidemiological evidence suggests a reduced rate of chronic inflammatory diseases and ischaemic heart disease in populations with a high consumption of fish. This has been ascribed to the high content in sea food of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), belonging to the n - 3 family. We have studied neutrophil and monocyte chemotaxis in 12 healthy males(More)
BACKGROUND CHS 828 is a novel cyanoguanidine with cytotoxic properties which was recently shown to induce an early increase in extracellular acidification. This could hypothetically be exploited for combination with drugs interfering with, or being dependent on, pH for their effect. METHODS The isobole method and the additive model were used to evaluate(More)
N-(6-(4-chlorophenoxy)hexyl)-N'-cyano-N''-4-pyridylguanidine, CHS 828, is a new anti-neoplastic agent with promising anti-tumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. To characterize the metabolic events over time, the lymphoma cell line U-937 GTB was exposed to CHS 828 and the structurally related mitochondrial inhibitor meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). There(More)
Patients with homozygous homocystinuria are at greatly increased risk for development of atherosclerosis and thrombosis (1). Elevated plasma levels of homocysteine (HCY) are caused by reduced enzymatic catabolism or reduced enzymatic remethylation of HCY, due to either hereditary enzyme defects or to nutritional deficiencies of vitamins functioning as(More)
The role of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and the ADP-ribosylation inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3-ABA) in the cytotoxicity induced by the novel antitumoral cyanoguanidine CHS 828 was investigated in the human lymphoma cell line U-937 GTB. Exposing cells to CHS 828 and 3-ABA in combination resulted in a 100-fold higher IC(50) compared(More)
The pharmacology and clinical application of three guanidino-containing compounds are reviewed in this commentary with special focus on a new member of this group of drugs, CHS 828 [N-(6-(4-chlorophenoxy)hexyl)-N'-cyano-N"-4-pyridylguanidine]. m-Iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) and methylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone) (MGBG) have been extensively studied,(More)
1. The present study was aimed at elucidating the apoptosis inhibitory properties of the cyanoguanidine CHS 828. CHS 828 exhibits impressive cytotoxic activity in vitro and in vivo. Apoptosis is not its main mode of cytotoxic effect, and we have previously proposed a dual mechanism, where CHS 828 inhibits its own cell death pathways. 2. Etoposide on the(More)
Blood pressure (BP), plasma prekallikrein (PK), and the extent of activation of factor XII (XII-ACT) were studied after the intravenous injection into rats of dextran (Macrodex), the ionic radiographic contrast substance iodipamide (Biligrafin), or the non-ionic contrast substance iohexol (Omnipaque). After acetone activation plasma kallikrein was assayed(More)