Sara E. Lucena

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Snake venoms are complex mixtures of proteins, which affect the vital biologic systems of prey, as well as humans. Envenomation leads to immobilization by paralysis, cardiac, and circulatory failure. These same venom proteins that cause havoc in the physiologic system could be used as therapeutic agents. Disintegrins and disintegrin-like proteins are(More)
Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cell, which may spread to other parts of the body. The interaction of cancer cells with extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential for metastasis, which is the principal cause of death in cancer patients. Disintegrins are naturally occurring low molecular weight peptides found in the venoms of many snakes. Disintegrins(More)
Fibronectin is an adhesive glycoprotein present in a soluble form in plasma and in an insoluble form in the extracellular matrix of many tissues. The human plasma level of this protein is about 300 +/- 100 microg/mL. It is synthesized and secreted by a wide variety of cells, consequently is one of the components of greater distribution in the body that(More)
Disintegrins have been previously described in the venom of several snake families inhibiting signal transduction, cell-cell interactions, and cell-matrix interactions and may have therapeutic potential in heart attacks, thrombotic diseases, and cancers. This investigation describes the first disintegrin isolated from South American Crotalus venom(More)
Interactions with exposed subendothelial extracellular proteins and cellular integrins (endothelial cells, platelets and lymphocytes) can cause alterations in the hemostatic system associated with atherothrombotic processes. Many molecules found in snake venoms induce pathophysiological changes in humans, cause edema, hemorrhage, and necrosis. Disintegrins(More)
Lonomia achelous is a caterpillar distributed in southern Venezuela and in northern Brazil that causes an acute hemorrhagic syndrome in people who have contact with its bristles. The effect of the crude hemolymph and its chromatographic fractions (FDII, Lonomin V and Lonomin V-2) on extracellular matrix proteins was studied. The chromatographic fractions(More)
In this study, three recombinant mojastin peptides (Moj-WN, Moj-NN, and Moj-DM) were produced and compared functionally. Recombinant Moj peptides were purified as GST-fusions. GST-Moj-WN and GST-Moj-NN inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation in platelet rich plasma. The GST-Moj-WN had an IC(50) of 160nM, while the GST-Moj-NN had an IC(50) of 493nM. The(More)
Lonomia achelous caterpillar, Lepidoptera distributed along some South American countries, induces a hemorrhagic syndrome in people who come into contact with its bristles. A clinical characteristic in these patients is that fresh healed wounds are re-opened and bleed. In order to explain this symptomatology, we evaluated the effect of Lonomin V (a protein(More)
Two cDNA clones, AplVMP1 and AplVMP2, were isolated from a snake (Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma) venom gland cDNA library. The full-length cDNA sequence of AplVMP1 with a calculated molecular mass of 46.61 kDa is 1233 bp in length. AplVMP1 encodes PI class metalloproteinase with an open reading frame of 411 amino acid residues that includes signal(More)
Disintegrins are low molecular weight peptides isolated from viper venom. These peptides bind to integrin receptors using a conserved binding motif sequence containing an RGD or similar motif. As a consequence, disintegrins can inhibit platelet aggregation and inhibit cell migration, proliferation, and initiate apoptosis in cancer cell lines. Rubistatin is(More)