Sara Cristina Sagae

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The incidence of obesity is increasing rapidly all over the world and results in numerous health detriments, including disruptions in reproduction. However, the mechanisms by which excess body fat interferes with reproductive functions are still not fully understood. After weaning, female rats were treated with a cafeteria diet or a chow diet (control(More)
Obesity is an epidemic disease most commonly caused by a combination of increased energy intake and lack of physical activity. The cholinergic system has been shown to be involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, physical exercise promotes a reduction of fat pads and body mass by increasing energy expenditure, but also(More)
The expression of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors in the brain is modulated by estradiol and progesterone. Considering that Ang II plays a critical role in controlling prolactin secretion and that neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) are the main regulator of this function, the present study aimed to evaluate ARC Ang II receptor binding in 2 experimental(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a peptide that exerts an inhibitory effect upon pituitary prolactin (PRL) release through the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). Since both PRL and Ang II are known to be affected by stress, the experiments reported here were conducted to investigate the possible participation of Ang II in the stress-induced response of PRL in(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors in specific brain areas and in the anterior pituitary are controlled by reproductive hormones. Since Ang II also plays a role in controlling reproductive functions, such as luteinizing hormone and prolactin secretion, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the regulation of Ang II receptors by estradiol (E(2))(More)
Besides the well-known detrimental effects of obesity on cardiovascular and metabolic function, studies have shown that obesity is also associated with impaired reproductive function in women. Alterations in Angiotensin II (Ang II) have been associated with obesity and with female reproduction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reproductive(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the follicular development of female Wistar rats with obesity induced by the cafeteria diet, submitted to the administration of losartan (LOS), an antagonist of the AT1 receptor of Angiotensin II. METHODS At weaning (21 days of age), female Wistar rats were randomly divided, into two groups: control (CTL) that received standard chow(More)
Lutein is a xanthophyll carotenoid widely known by its biological properties and low toxicity. When located in the brain, lutein may inhibit damage mechanisms, acting in neural cells maintenance. However, this carotenoid is very sensitive to external agents such as heat, light, pH and oxidation, besides presenting low absorption in gastrointestinal tract(More)
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